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Paragon Xpress Q11A Silver Clay And Porcelain Kiln With A Sentry Xpress 3-Key Programmer. Paragon Xpress E12A Ceramics And Heat Treating Kiln With A Sentry Xpress 3-Key Controller. Paragon Xpress 1613 Ceramics And Glass Kiln With A Sentry Xpress 3-Key Programmer.
Paragon Xpress E9 Metal Clay Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer.
Paragon Xpress E10 Heat Treating Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Controller.
Paragon Xpress 1613 Ceramics And Pottery Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer.
Paragon Xpress E12T Ceramics And Enamel Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer.
Paragon Xpress E10W Enamelling And Glass Kiln With A Sentry Controller.
Paragon Xpress E9 Silver Clay Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer.
Paragon Xpress J14 Glass Fusing Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer.
Paragon Xpress 663 Ceramics And Porcelain Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Controller.

Paragon Xpress Kilns For Annealing, Art Clay, Beads, Ceramics, Dichroics, Enamelling, Fusing, Glass, Heat Treating, Lost Wax Burnout, PMC, Porcelain, And Pottery.

Paragon Xpress kilns are generally used for ceramics, enamels, glass, heat treating, lost wax, metal clays, and porcelain, although they have other applications. They're 925°C-1290°C kilns with digital programmers, in Paragon blue or customised berry, black, jade, navy, pink, purple, or turquoise. Learn about Paragon Xpress kilns on this page.

There are nineteen: the front-opening table-top Xpress Q11, Q11W, E9, 9AW, E10, E10B, E10W, E10BW, E12, E12B, E12W, E12BW, E14, E14B, E14W, E14BW, and J14, and the top-opening floor-standing Xpress 1313 and 1613. The B versions have a bead-annealing door, the W have a heat-resistant glass viewing-window, and the BW have both.


Prices here are transparent: they're for UK-EU voltage, CE marked, CL CSA approved, and TUV tested kilns, and include a professional shelf kit, comprehensive instructions, UK VAT, and free continuing support from a top-tier international distributor. So you can start work straight away.

For prices, trading terms, and secure on-line shopping, use the shop link near the top-right of any page. The order form is after the price list, near the bottom.

Kilns that weigh over 30kg can't be delivered by a regular parcel-service van: they need a lorry with a tail-lift and a hydraulic pallet trolley. GB-mainland delivery charges are on the shop page. For other locations, call or mail.

Paragon Xpress Q11 Ceramics And Porcelain Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer. Paragon Xpress E9 Jewellery And Silver Clay Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer.
Paragon Xpress Q11 Ceramics And Porcelain Kiln. Paragon Xpress E9 Jewellery And Silver Clay Kiln.
Paragon Xpress E9 Jewellery And Metal Clay Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer. Paragon Xpress E10 Enamelling And Heat-Treating Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer.
Paragon Xpress E9 Jewellery And Metal Clay Kiln. Paragon Xpress E10 Enamelling And Heat-Treating Kiln.
Paragon Xpress E12 Ceramics And Glass Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer. Paragon Xpress E12T Bead And Glass Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer.
Paragon Xpress E12 Ceramics And Glass Kiln. Paragon Xpress E12B Ceramics And Bead Kiln.
Paragon Xpress E12T Enamelling And Glass Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer. Paragon Xpress E14 Annealing And Glass Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer.
Paragon Xpress E12BW Bead, Enamelling, And Fusing Kiln. Paragon Xpress E14 Annealing And Glass Kiln.
Paragon Xpress J14 Annealing And Glass Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer. Paragon Xpress 1313 Ceramics And Glass Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer.
Paragon Xpress J14 Annealing And Glass Kiln. Paragon Xpress 1313 Ceramics And Glass Kiln.
Paragon Xpress 663 Ceramics And Glass Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer. Orton-Paragon Sentry Xpress Programmer.
Paragon Xpress 1613 Ceramics And Glass Kiln. Paragon Sentry Xpress Programmer.
Orton-Paragon Sentry Digital Controller. Bartlett-Paragon Sentinel Smart-Touch Digital Controller.
Paragon Sentry Programmer. Paragon Sentinel SmartTouch Touch-Screen Controller.
HOW TO CHOOSE A CERAMICS AND GLASS KILN A GENERAL INTRODUCTION TO THE PARAGON XPRESS KILNS
Paragon Xpress Q11 Ceramics And Porcelain Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer. Paragon Xpress E12 Ceramics And Glass Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer. Paragon Xpress J14 Annealing And Glass Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer. Paragon Xpress 1313 Ceramics Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer.

Paragon Xpress Kilns For Annealing, Art Clay, Beads, Ceramics, Dichroics, Enamelling, Glass, Heat Treating, PMC, And Porcelain.

Paragon Xpress kilns are 925°C-1290°C kilns with ramp-hold Sentry Xpress 3-key digital programmers. Choose Paragon blue or customised berry, black, jade, navy, pink, purple, or turquoise. Customised kilns are made to order, so can't be returned if the colour isn't exactly the same as in the photo.

There are nineteen: the front-opening table-top Xpress Q11, Q11W, E9, 9AW, E10, E10B, E10W, E10BW, E12, E12B, E12W, E12BW, E14, E14B, E14W, E14BW, and J14, and the top-opening floor-standing Xpress 1313 and 1613. The B versions have a bead-annealing door, the W have a heat-resistant glass viewing-window, and the BW have both.

The name Xpress came from the programmer: the Sentry Xpress. The origins of Q and E are obscure, and the A which used to mean painted finish has been dropped.

They're ideal for your arts centre, ceramics studio, college, course venue, craft centre, engineering workshop, glass works, home, jewellery studio, medical laboratory, pottery business, research unit, school, technical facility, or university.


Here are some important reminders:

When the programmer turns the elements off at, for example, 700°C, residual heat will continue to increase the temperature briefly. A small kiln might overshoot to 715°C before dropping back down. A software modification slows down the heating just before the target temperature, reducing any overshoot and improving the accuracy.

Some can be re-engineered for a higher maximum temperature, usually 1230°C or 1290°C, but will need thicker firebricks for extra insulation making the firing chambers slightly smaller.

The Sentry Xpress 3-key programmer can be upgraded to a Sentry 12-key or a Sentinel Touch Screen. Both have advanced features, including optional automatic control for an electric kiln vent, a gas injection system, and a USB computer interface.

Nickel-chromium K-type thermocouples respond quickly to temperature changes and resist corrosion. However, for high-temperature precision professional use, these can be upgraded to platinum-rhodium S-types.

They come with a full-size durable cordierite professional shelf with props, so you can start work straight away. However, other sizes are available so that you can better arrange pieces having different dimensions or shapes.


Use them for for silver clays, annealing beads and glass, bronze and copper clays, firing bone china, ceramics, earthenware, porcelain, pottery, and stoneware, china painting, crystalline gazes, applying decals, dental work, dichroic glasses, dolls, enamelling, fire polishing, glass art, fusing, moulding, sagging, and slumping glass, heat treating, knife-making, laboratory testing, lampwork, lost-wax casting, low-fire ceramics, making jewellery, melting gold and silver, forming gun and model parts, pâte de verre, raku, sintering gold and silver clays, staining glass, hardening and tempering blades, cutters, dies, and tools, and many other materials and processes.

The smaller kilns are more economic for jewellery-making, so you can use most popular small-scale materials such as Accent Gold, Art Clay metal clays, BullsEye glasses, dichroic glasses, enamels, GlasClay, Image Transfer Solution, Metal Clay Veneer, PMC silver clay, Prometheus bronze clay, ProCopper clay, and SilverEtch.
And there's an increasingly diverse range of other metal clays, such as Cinter, Clay Mania, Creative, Goldie, Hadar Jacobson, Metal Adventures, Meteor, Noble, and PMC Sterling.

You can make architectural parts, badges, beads, bowls, bracelets, brooches, buttons, candle holders, ceramic-art, charms, china dolls, decorations, earrings, figurines, fingerprint keepsakes, flowerpots, glass-art, glass panels, jewellery, knives, lampshades, medals, miniatures, models, mugs, necklaces, ornaments, pendants, plates, porcelain beads, pet-id tags, rings, souvenirs, stained-glass designs, tableware, thimbles, tiaras, tiles, tools, trinkets, and vases, as unique hand-crafted pieces or repeatable stock for sale.


For plug-in table-top kilns, the 1290°C Q11 is the smallest, the 1290°C E12 is the most popular. and the 1095°C E14 is the largest. For wired-in floor-standing kilns, the 1290°C 1613 is the largest.

For the floor-standing kilns, the seven-sided 1313 has a volume of 34.55 litres and the eight-sided 1613 has a volume of 49.55 litres.

Of course, depending on what you want to make, width or height might be more important than volume. Some kilns are better suited for making jugs, pots, and vases, others for blades and figurines, and others for bowls, panels, plates, and tiles, so you have to balance the internal size you'd like for the budget you've got.


If you're not sure that an Xpress kiln is the right choice:

Glass kilns generally have a maximum temperature of 925°C. For these, look at the F Series, Fusion:CS Series, GL Series, or Pearl Series. These are not hot enough for ceramics.

Bead-annealing kilns have a minimum temperature of 650°C. For these, look at the BlueBird Series. If you want a bead-annealing and jewellery-making kiln look at the SC-2B. If you want a similarly-sized but hotter kiln look at the Caldera-AB. Even much larger kilns like the Fusion series can be made with bead doors.

Jewellery kilns generally have a maximum temperature of 1095°C. For these, look at the small SC Series. The SC series are not hot enough for ceramics.

Ceramics kilns generally have a maximum temperature of 1290°C. For these, look at the small Caldera Series or the large Janus Series and PMT Series. These can also be used for glass work.

The 1095°C HT Series and 1290°C PMT Series look similar: except the HT kilns have bottom-hinged doors and the PMT kilns have side-hinged doors.

The KM Series are 1290°C knife-making kilns, made for depth rather than width. You can choose a standard drop-down door or a side-hinged door.


To learn more about other kilns, use the appropriate links above and below the menu bar near the top of the page. Each series has kilns of different sizes with different options, so I've only included one of each in the table below:


VERSION DESCRIPTION MAX °C POWER W WEIGHT KG FIRING CHAMBER INTERIOR SIZE MM
Xpress Q11 1290 1440 20 firebrick 152 x 152 x 159
Xpress Q11W window 1290 1440 20 firebrick 152 x 152 x 159
Xpress E9 1095 1300 25 firebrick 216 x 229 x 115
Xpress E9W window 1095 1300 25 firebrick 216 x 229 x 115
Xpress E10 1095 1800 34 firebrick 216 x 229 x 223
Xpress E10B bead-door 1095 1800 34 firebrick 216 x 229 x 223
Xpress E10W window 1095 1800 34 firebrick 216 x 229 x 223
Xpress E10BW bead-door and window 1095 1800 34 firebrick 216 x 229 x 223
Xpress E12 1095 to 1290 2200 40 firebrick 196 x 295 x 219
Xpress E12B bead-door 1095 to 1290 2200 40 firebrick 196 x 295 x 219
Xpress E12W window 1095 to 1290 2200 40 firebrick 196 x 295 x 219
Xpress E12BW bead-door and window 1095 to 1290 2200 40 firebrick 196 x 295 x 219
Xpress E14 1095 3120 65 firebrick 330 x 343 x 223
Xpress E14B bead-door 1095 3120 65 firebrick 330 x 343 x 223
Xpress E14W window 1095 3120 65 firebrick 330 x 343 x 223
Xpress E14BW bead-door and window 1095 3120 65 firebrick 330 x 343 x 223
Xpress J14 925 2400 50 ceramic fibre 330 x 343 x 223
Xpress 1313 1260 3600 78 firebrick seven-sided 343 x 337
Xpress 1613 1290 6400 90 firebrick eight-sided 419 x 337
BlueBird two bead-doors 650 1500 22 ceramic fibre 508 x 152 x 070
Caldera A square top-opening 1290 1800 20 firebrick 203 x 203 x 171
F500 two punty doors 650 6850 273 firebrick 610 x 457 x 565
Fusion CS14D lid and body-opening 925 1800 71 firebrick 356 x 356 x 165
GL22ADTSD square front-opening 925 11000 152 firebrick 533 x 533 x 337
Janus 1613 top-opening 1290 4800 90 firebrick eight-sided 419 x 337
Pearl 22 square top-opening 925 7200 146 firebrick 559 x 559 x 330
PMT18 rectangular front-opening 1290 6500 170 firebrick 330 x 457 x 330
SC2 square top-opening 1095 1680 16 ceramic fibre 199 x 203 x 145

Digital programmers allow you to set up sequences, each one with multiple heating, holding, or cooling segments: so you can choose the heating and cooling rates, target temperatures, and hold times, save the sequences, and re-use them.

Being able to create, edit, and save your own programmes is important because, having experimented and diversified, most people fire materials, or combinations of materials, at different temperatures and for different times than are recommended.


For help, or in the unlikely event of a fault, you can mail or call an engineer in the UK. However, checks, adjustments, and repairs are simple, needing little more than a PosiDriv screwdriver: watch the on-line videos using the watch-videos link or read the help pages using use the help link, both below the menu bar near the top of any page. Alternatively, we can service the kiln in our workshop at Cherry Heaven.


After looking at each kiln in detail, I'll introduce the appropriate accessories, options, and upgrades.

THE PARAGON XPRESS Q11 CERAMICS, ENAMELS, GLASS, HEAT TREATING, METAL CLAYS, AND PORCELAIN
Paragon Xpress Q11 Ceramics And Porcelain Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer. Orton-Paragon Sentry Xpress Programmer.

The Paragon Xpress Q11A For Annealing, Ceramics, Dichroics, Enamels, Fusing Glass, Heat Treating, Metal Clays, And Porcelain.

The Paragon Xpress Q11 is a 1290°C, square, plug-in, front-opening, table-top, firebrick kiln, with a ramp-hold Sentry Xpress 3-key digital programmer. Choose Paragon blue or customised berry, black, jade, navy, pink, purple, or turquoise.


Paragon's kiln names often use a suffixed number to represent one or more of the internal dimensions in inches. However, for this kiln, 11 doesn't mean it's 11 inches anywhere. It's 6 inches wide, 6 inches deep, and 6.25 inches high inside.


The UK-EU kiln is rated at 230V-240V 1440W, so it can use a regular mains socket. To comply with EU safety regulations, it's fitted with a switch that cuts off the power to the elements when the kiln is opened: an important safety feature. However, never get careless: kilns are very hot and connected to the mains.

The external dimensions are 279mm x 381mm x 457mm high. The case has slots for air circulation and an integral stand. The shipping weight, including the box, is about 20Kg.

The door metal is drilled for a central peephole-vent, but the firebrick isn't. If you want the firebrick drilling, do it yourself, or ask when you order.

The firing chamber measures 152mm x 152mm x 159mm high and heats from both sides and the back, with the elements in dropped recessed grooves in the 64mm thick bricks. The kiln has an electro-mechanical relay and a long-life nickel-chromium K-type thermocouple.

The programmer's electronic display prompts for heating rates, target temperatures, and hold times, making it easy to set up and re-use accurate heating, holding, and cooling sequences. An optional cone-fire mode, up to cone 10, will simplify your work with ceramics.


The accessories, options, and upgrades for this kiln are in the on-line shop:

List. a berry, black, jade, navy, pink, purple, or turquoise respray: normally blue
List. a programmer upgrade from ramp-hold to cone-fire and ramp-hold: up to cone 10: factory fitted
List. a programmer upgrade: Sentry Xpress 3-key to a Sentry 12-key: more useful features: factory fitted
List. a right-hand door hinge: factory fitted
List. a peephole-vent with a swing cover in the centre of the door: factory fitted
List. a 75mm x 25mm heat-resistant glass viewing-window: factory fitted
List. a silent long-life mercury relay upgrade: factory fitted
List. a precision long-life S-type platinum-rhodium thermocouple upgrade: factory fitted
List. stacking shelf kits and shelf paper
List. ceramic fibre cloth
List. ceramic block
List. HEPA dust mask
List. clear protective glasses
List. glare-resistant glasses
List. heat-resistant gloves

And finally, my opinion:

The Xpress Q11 is a tough little kiln, built to last. It's fully-programmable, it heats up quickly, and, at 1290°C, it's hot enough to fire almost anything. It's ideal for classrooms, course venues, schools, jewellery studios, and small businesses, as it's small enough to take out, use, and put away.

The firebrick interior is suited to long firings, it's a front-opener generally preferred for small pieces, and it can hold three stacked shelves.

THE PARAGON XPRESS Q11: KILN FURNITURE

Shelf Kits For The Paragon Xpress Q11A.

There's a recommended kit, included in the price: one durable 127mm x 127mm x 10mm cordierite shelf, four 12mm shelf posts, and 450gm of kiln wash.

There's an extra recommended kit, not included in the price: one square 127mm x 127mm x 10mm shelf and four posts. You can choose 12mm, 25mm, or 50mm posts.

Depending on the material or process, and the sizes of your pieces, stacked shelves will hold more work, free up your time, and reduce the unit firing cost: so you might want more kits. This kiln has room for three.

THE PARAGON XPRESS Q11W CERAMICS, ENAMELS, GLASS, HEAT TREATING, METAL CLAYS, AND PORCELAIN
Paragon Xpress Q11W Enamelling And Glass Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer. Paragon Heat-Resistant Glass Viewing-Window. Orton-Paragon Sentry Xpress Programmer.

The Paragon Xpress Q11AW For Annealing, Ceramics, Dichroics, Enamels, Fusing Glass, Heat Treating, Metal Clays, And Porcelain.

Although not shown in the first photo, the door includes a 75mm x 25mm heat-resistant glass viewing-window. The window allows you to look at china paints, enamels, glass, and glazes to check on their progress. And you might find it interesting to watch what happens during a firing sequence. Otherwise, the kiln is the same as the Xpress Q11.

There's always heat-loss through windows. To use the kiln at its highest temperatures for ceramics and porcelain, a small rectangle of ceramic-fibre cloth is included to tuck behind the glass. This isn't inconvenient because you don't need to look at ceramics whilst they're firing.


If you look into a red-hot kiln, even briefly, it's important to wear glare-resistant glasses to protect your eyes from IR and UV radiation. These are in the on-line shop.

THE PARAGON XPRESS E9 DICHROICS, ENAMELS, GLASS, HEAT TREATING, AND METAL CLAYS
Paragon Xpress E9 Silver Clay Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer. Paragon Xpress E9 Metal Clay Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer. Orton-Paragon Sentry Xpress Programmer.

The Paragon Xpress E9 For Annealing, Ceramics, Dichroics, Enamelling, Fusing Glass, Heat Treating, And Metal Clays.

The Paragon Xpress E9 is a 1095°C, square, plug-in, front-opening, table-top, firebrick kiln, with a ramp-hold Sentry Xpress 3-key digital programmer. Choose Paragon blue or customised berry, black, jade, navy, pink, purple, or turquoise.


Paragon's kiln names often use a suffixed number to represent one or more of the internal dimensions in inches. For this kiln, 9 means that it's about 9 inches deep.


The UK-EU kiln is rated at 230V-240V 1300W, so it can use a regular mains socket. To comply with EU safety regulations, it's fitted with a switch that cuts off the power to the elements when the kiln is opened: an important safety feature. However, never get careless: kilns are very hot and connected to the mains.

The external dimensions are 356mm x 457mm x 413mm high. The case has slots for air circulation and an integral stand. The shipping weight, including the box, is about 25Kg.

The door metal is drilled for a central peephole-vent, but the firebrick isn't. If you want the firebrick drilling, do it yourself, or ask when you order.

The firing chamber measures 216mm x 229mm x 114mm high, and heats from both sides and the back, with the element in dropped recessed grooves in the 64mm thick bricks. The kiln has an electro-mechanical relay and a long-life nickel-chromium K-type thermocouple.

The programmer's electronic display prompts for heating rates, target temperatures, and hold times, making it easy to set up and re-use accurate heating, holding, and cooling sequences. The optional cone-fire mode, up to cone 6, will simplify your work with ceramics.


The accessories, options, and upgrades for this kiln are in the on-line shop:

List. a berry, black, jade, navy, pink, purple, or turquoise respray: normally blue
List. a programmer upgrade from ramp-hold to cone-fire and ramp-hold: up to cone 6: factory fitted
List. a right-hand door hinge: factory fitted
List. a peephole-vent with a swing cover in the centre of the door: factory fitted
List. a 75mm x 25mm heat-resistant glass viewing-window: factory fitted
List. a silent long-life mercury relay upgrade: factory fitted
List. a precision long-life S-type platinum-rhodium thermocouple upgrade: factory fitted
List. stacking shelf kits and shelf paper
List. ceramic fibre cloth
List. ceramic block
List. HEPA dust mask
List. clear protective glasses
List. glare-resistant glasses
List. heat-resistant gloves

And finally, my opinion.

The Xpress E9 is a tough little kiln built to last. It heats up quickly, and, at 1095°C, is hot enough to fire almost anything, except ceramics and porcelain. It's ideal for classrooms, course venues, schools, jewellery studios, and small businesses, as it's small enough to take out, use, and put away.

It's fully-programmable, the firebrick interior is suited to long firings, it's a front-opener generally preferred for small pieces, and it can hold two stacked shelves. However, the single element can't be upgraded to run at a higher temperature.

THE PARAGON XPRESS E9: KILN FURNITURE

Shelf Kits For The Paragon Xpress E9A

There's a recommended kit, included in the price: one 178mm x 178mm x 15mm cordierite shelf, four 12mm shelf posts, and 450gm of glass separator.

There's an extra recommended kit, not included in the price: one 178mm x 178mm x 15mm shelf and four posts. You can choose 12mm, 25mm, or 50mm posts.

Depending on the material or process, and the sizes of your pieces, stacked shelves will hold more work, free up your time, and reduce the unit firing cost: so you might want more kits. This kiln has room for two.

THE PARAGON XPRESS E9W DICHROICS, ENAMELS, GLASS, HEAT TREATING, AND METAL CLAYS
Paragon Xpress E9W Jewellery And Metal Clay Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer. Paragon Heat Resistant Glass Viewing-Window. Orton-Paragon Sentry Xpress Programmer.

The Paragon Xpress E-9AW For Low-Fire Ceramics, Dichroics, Enamelling, Fusing Glass, Heat Treating, And Metal Clays.

Although not shown in the first photo, the door includes a 75mm x 25mm heat-resistant glass viewing-window. The window allows you to look at china paints, enamels, glass, and glazes to check on their progress. And you might find it interesting to watch what happens during a firing sequence. Otherwise, the kiln is the same as the Xpress E9.

There is always heat-loss through any window. To use the kiln at its highest temperatures for ceramics and porcelain, a small rectangle of ceramic-fibre cloth is included to tuck behind the glass. This isn't inconvenient because you won't need to look at ceramics whilst they're firing.


If you look into a red-hot kiln, even briefly, it's important to wear glare-resistant glasses to protect your eyes from IR and UV radiation. These are in the on-line shop.

THE PARAGON XPRESS E10 ENAMELS, FUSING GLASS, HEAT TREATING, AND METAL CLAYS
Paragon Xpress E10 Glass And Heat Treating Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer. Orton-Paragon Sentry Xpress Programmer.

The Paragon Xpress E10A For Dichroics, Enamels, Fusing Glass, Heat Treating, Metal Clays, And Porcelain.

The Paragon Xpress E10 is a 1095°C, square, plug-in, front-opening, table-top, firebrick kiln, with a ramp-hold Sentry Xpress 3-key digital programmer. Choose Paragon blue or customised berry, black, jade, navy, pink, purple, or turquoise.


Paragon's kiln names often use a suffixed number to represent one or more of the internal dimensions in inches. For this kiln, 10 means that the inside is about 10 inches deep: more accurately 9 inches.


The UK-EU kiln is rated at 230V-240V 1800W, so it can use a regular mains socket. To comply with EU safety regulations, it's fitted with a switch that cuts off the power to the elements when the kiln is opened: an important safety feature. However, never get careless: kilns are very hot and connected to the mains.

The external dimensions are 356mm x 457mm x 521mm high. The case has slots for air circulation and an integral stand. The shipping weight, including the box, is about 34Kg.

The door metal is drilled for a central peephole-vent, but the firebrick isn't. If you want the firebrick drilling, do it yourself, or ask when you order.

The firing chamber measures 216mm x 229mm x 222mm high, and heats from both sides and the back, with the elements in dropped recessed grooves in the 64mm thick bricks. The kiln has an electro-mechanical relay and a long-life nickel-chromium K-type thermocouple.

The programmer's electronic display prompts for heating rates, target temperatures, and hold times, making it easy to set up and re-use accurate heating, holding, and cooling sequences. The optional cone-fire mode, up to cone 6, will simplify your work with ceramics.


The accessories, options, and upgrades for this kiln are in the on-line shop:

List. a berry, black, jade, navy, pink, purple, or turquoise respray: normally blue
List. a programmer upgrade from ramp-hold to cone-fire and ramp-hold: up to cone 6: factory fitted
List. a maximum temperature upgrade from 1095°C to 1230°C: factory fitted
List. a maximum temperature upgrade from 1095°C to 1290°C: factory fitted
List. a right-hand door hinge: factory fitted
List. a peephole-vent with a swing cover in the centre of the door: factory fitted
List. a 165mm x 64mm letter-box style bead-annealing door
List. a 75mm x 25mm heat-resistant glass viewing-window: factory fitted
List. a 50mm x 50mm heat-resistant glass viewing-window: factory fitted
List. a silent long-life mercury relay upgrade: factory fitted
List. a precision long-life S-type platinum-rhodium thermocouple upgrade: factory fitted
List. stacking shelf kits and shelf paper
List. ceramic fibre cloth
List. ceramic block
List. HEPA dust mask
List. clear protective glasses
List. glare-resistant glasses
List. heat-resistant gloves

And finally, my opinion.

The Xpress E10 is a tough little kiln built to last. It heats up quickly, and, at 1095°C, is hot enough to fire almost anything, except ceramics and porcelain. It's ideal for classrooms, course venues, schools, jewellery studios, and small businesses, as it's small enough to take out, use, and put away. It's 1.94 times as high as the E9.

It's fully-programmable, the firebrick interior is suited to long firings, it's a front-opener generally preferred for small pieces, and it can hold three stacked shelves.

It can be re-engineered for a higher maximum temperature, usually 1230°C or 1290°C, but will need thicker firebricks for extra insulation making the firing chamber slightly smaller.

THE PARAGON XPRESS E10: KILN FURNITURE

Shelf Kits For The Paragon Xpress E10.

There's a recommended kit, included in the price: one durable square 178mm x 178mm x 15mm cordierite shelf, four 12mm shelf posts, and 450gm of glass separator.

There's an extra recommended kit, not included in the price: one square 178mm x 178mm x 15mm shelf and four posts. You can choose 12mm, 25mm, or 50mm posts.

Depending on the material or process, and the sizes of your pieces, stacked shelves will hold more work, free up your time, and reduce the unit firing cost: so you might want more kits. This kiln has room for three.

THE PARAGON XPRESS E10B BEADS, DICHROICS, ENAMELS, GLASS, HEAT TREATING, AND METAL CLAYS
Paragon Xpress E10 Glass And Heat Treating Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer. Paragon Bead Door. Orton-Paragon Sentry Xpress Programmer.

The Paragon Xpress E10AB For Annealing Beads, Ceramics, Enamels, Fusing Glass, Heat Treating, Metal Clays, And Porcelain.

Although not shown in the first photo, the door includes a 165mm x 64mm letter-box style bead-annealing door and a separate screw-on bead-mandrel holder. Otherwise, the kiln is the same as the E10.


The bead door is hinged at the top and opens outwards. Normally, glass beads on bead mandrels, or rods, are pushed through the bead door and rest on the mandrel holder, so that an annealing programme can toughen the glass.

The bead door is often used to take a quick peep at china paintings, enamels, glass, and glazes to check on their progress, or to adjust or move pieces of work. It gives you a wider view than a window, but the kiln will heat unevenly if you keep it open for too long: although not as much as opening the main door.


If you touch hot bead mandrels, even briefly, or handle anything else hot, it's important to wear heat-resistant gloves. These are in the on-line shop.

THE PARAGON XPRESS E10W DICHROICS, ENAMELS, GLASS, HEAT TREATING, AND METAL CLAYS
Paragon Xpress E10 Enamelling And Heat Treating Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer. Paragon Heat Resistant Glass Viewing-Window. Orton-Paragon Sentry Xpress Programmer.

The Paragon Xpress E10AW For Ceramics, Dichroics, Enamels, Fusing Glass, Heat Treating, Metal Clays, And Porcelain.

Although not shown in the first photo, the door includes a 50mm x 50mm heat-resistant glass viewing-window. The window allows you to look at china paints, enamels, glass, and glazes to check on their progress. And you might find it interesting to watch what happens during a firing sequence. Otherwise, the kiln is the same as the Xpress E10.

There is always heat-loss through any window. To use the kiln at its highest temperatures for ceramics and porcelain, a small rectangle of ceramic-fibre cloth is included to tuck behind the glass. This isn't inconvenient because you won't need to look at ceramics whilst they're firing.


If you look into a red-hot kiln, even briefly, it's important to wear glare-resistant glasses to protect your eyes from IR and UV radiation. These are in the on-line shop.

THE PARAGON XPRESS E10BW DICHROICS, ENAMELS, GLASS, HEAT TREATING, AND METAL CLAYS
Paragon Xpress E10 Bead-Annealing And Jewellery Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer. Paragon Bead Door. Paragon Heat Resistant Glass Viewing-Window. Orton-Paragon Sentry Xpress Programmer.

The Paragon Xpress E10BW For Annealing Beads, Ceramics, Enamels, Fusing Glass, Heat Treating, Metal Clays, And Porcelain.

The door includes a 165mm x 64mm bead-annealing letter-box style door, a separate screw-on bead-mandrel holder, and a 75mm x 25mm heat-resistant glass viewing-window. Otherwise, the kiln is the same as the E10.


The bead-door and window version make the E10BW the most versatile of the series, combining the advantages of the E10B and the E10W described above. It's a good choice if you're buying your first kiln and you're not sure what you might want to do with it in the future.

Even if you don't use the bead door and window very often as you gain experience, they do make learning easier and you might find it interesting or reassuring to watch what happens during the firing sequence.

THE PARAGON XPRESS E12 CERAMICS, ENAMELS, GLASS, HEAT TREATING, METAL CLAYS, AND PORCELAIN
Paragon Xpress E12 Ceramics And Glass Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer. Orton-Paragon Sentry Xpress Programmer.

The Paragon Xpress E12 For Annealing, Ceramics, Dichroics, Enamels, Fusing Glass, Heat Treating, Metal Clays, And Porcelain.

The Paragon Xpress E12 is a 1230°C, plug-in, rectangular, front-opening, table-top, firebrick kiln, with a ramp-hold Sentry Xpress 3-key digital programmer. Choose Paragon blue or customised berry, black, jade, navy, pink, purple, or turquoise.


Paragon's kiln names often use a suffixed number to represent one or more of the internal dimensions in inches. For this kiln, 12 means that the inside is about 12 inches deep: more accurately 11.5 inches.


The US kiln heats to 1095°C. The UK-EU kiln, made for Cherry Heaven, heats to 1230°C, although it can be upgraded to 1260°C or 1290°C. The upgrades need thicker firebricks for extra insulation.

The UK-EU kiln is rated at 230V-240V 2200W, so it can use a regular mains socket. To comply with EU safety regulations, it's fitted with a switch that cuts off the power to the elements when the kiln is opened: an important safety feature. However, never get careless: kilns are very hot and connected to the mains.

The external dimensions are 356mm x 572mm x 508mm high. The case has slots for air circulation and an integral stand. There's a top vent for lost-wax casting and other processes that might release fumes. The shipping weight, including the box, is about 40Kg.

The firing chamber measures 192mm x 293mm x 209mm high, and heats from both sides and the back, with the elements in dropped recessed grooves in the 76mm thick bricks. The kiln has an electro-mechanical relay and a long-life nickel-chromium K-type thermocouple.

The programmer's electronic display prompts for heating rates, target temperatures, and hold times, making it easy to set up and re-use accurate heating, holding, and cooling sequences. The optional cone-fire mode, up to cone 10, will simplify your work with ceramics.


The accessories, options, and upgrades for this kiln are in the on-line shop:

List. a berry, black, jade, navy, pink, purple, or turquoise respray: normally blue
List. a programmer upgrade: Sentry Xpress 3-key to a Sentry 12-key: more useful features: factory fitted
List. a programmer upgrade: Sentry Xpress 3-key to a Sentinel Touch Screen: more useful features: factory fitted
List. a maximum temperature upgrade from 1230°C to 1260°C: factory fitted
List. a maximum temperature upgrade from 1230°C to 1290°C: factory fitted
List. a right-hand door hinge: factory fitted
List. a peephole-vent with a swing cover in the centre of the door: factory fitted
List. a 165mm x 64mm letter-box style bead-annealing door
List. a 75mm x 25mm heat-resistant glass viewing-window: factory fitted
List. a 50mm x 50mm heat-resistant glass viewing-window: factory fitted
List. an electric kiln vent: factory fitted at the side
List. an auxiliary power output for automatic vent control: factory fitted: needs 12-key
List. a USB or RS232 computer interface: factory fitted: needs 12-key
List. a silent long-life mercury relay upgrade: factory fitted
List. a precision long-life S-type platinum-rhodium thermocouple upgrade: factory fitted
List. stacking shelf kits and shelf paper
List. ceramic fibre cloth
List. ceramic block
List. HEPA dust mask
List. clear protective glasses
List. glare-resistant glasses
List. heat-resistant gloves

In the photo, you can see that the 3-key programmer is at the bottom. However, as the 12-key is larger, it can't directly replace the 3-key. So the kiln has an extra case fitted to the side, making it wider. The programmer still faces forwards.


And finally, my opinion:

The Xpress E12 is ideal for classrooms, course venues, schools, commercial studios, and professional businesses. It's a tough kiln built to last, the firebrick interior is suited to longer firings, at 1290°C it's hot enough to fire virtually anything, it heats up quickly, it's a front-opener generally preferred for small pieces, and it can hold three stacked shelves.

It's large enough for 180mm bowls, plates, and tiles, a 280mm doll, or 280mm knife blades, and can hold 12 pottery mugs on two shelves.

THE PARAGON XPRESS E12: KILN FURNITURE

Shelf Kits For The Paragon Xpress E12 And E12T.

There's a recommended kit, included in the price: one durable rectangular 178mm x 279mm x 15mm cordierite shelf, four 12mm shelf posts, and 450gm of glass separator.

There are two extra recommended kits, not included in the price: one rectangular 178mm x 279mm x 15mm shelf and four posts, and one square 178mm x 178mm x 15mm shelf and four posts. You can choose 12mm, 25mm, 50mm, 75mm, or 100mm posts.

Depending on the material or process, and the sizes of your pieces, stacked shelves will hold more work, free up your time, and reduce the unit firing cost: so you might want more kits. This kiln has room for three.

THE PARAGON XPRESS E12B BEADS, CERAMICS, ENAMELS, GLASS, HEAT TREATING, METAL CLAYS, AND PORCELAIN
Paragon Xpress E12B Bead Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer. Paragon Bead Door. Orton-Paragon Sentry Xpress Programmer.

The Paragon Xpress E12AB For Annealing Beads, Ceramics, Enamels, Fusing Glass, Heat Treating, Metal Clays, And Porcelain.

Although not shown in the first photo, the door includes a 165mm x 64mm letter-box style bead-annealing door and a separate screw-on bead-mandrel holder. Otherwise, the kiln is the same as the E12.


The bead door is hinged at the top and opens outwards. Normally, glass beads on bead mandrels, or rods, are pushed through the bead door and rest on the mandrel holder, so that an annealing programme can toughen the glass.

The bead door is often used to take a quick peep at china paintings, enamels, glass, and glazes to check on their progress, or to adjust or move pieces of work. It gives you a wider view than a window, but the kiln will heat unevenly if you keep it open for too long: although not as much as opening the main door.


If you touch hot bead mandrels, even briefly, or handle anything else hot, it's important to wear heat-resistant gloves. These are in the on-line shop.

THE PARAGON XPRESS E12W CERAMICS, ENAMELS, GLASS, HEAT TREATING, METAL CLAYS, AND PORCELAIN
Paragon Xpress E12 Glass Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer. Paragon Heat Resistant Glass Viewing-Window. Orton-Paragon Sentry Xpress Programmer.

The Paragon Xpress E12W For Ceramics, Dichroics, Enamels, Fusing Glass, Heat Treating, Metal Clays, And Porcelain.

Although not shown in the first photo, the door includes a 50mm x 50mm heat-resistant glass viewing-window. The window allows you to look at china paints, enamels, glass, and glazes to check on their progress. And you might find it interesting to watch what happens during a firing sequence. Otherwise, the kiln is the same as the Xpress E12.

There is always heat-loss through any window. To use the kiln at its highest temperatures for ceramics and porcelain, a small rectangle of ceramic-fibre cloth is included to tuck behind the glass. This isn't inconvenient because you won't need to look at ceramics whilst they're firing.


If you look into a red-hot kiln, even briefly, it's important to wear glare-resistant glasses to protect your eyes from IR and UV radiation. These are in the on-line shop.

THE PARAGON XPRESS E12BW BEADS, CERAMICS, ENAMELS, GLASS, HEAT TREATING, METAL CLAYS, AND PORCELAIN
Paragon Xpress E12 Bead Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer. Paragon Bead Door. Paragon Heat Resistant Glass Viewing-Window. Orton-Paragon Sentry Xpress Programmer.

The Paragon Xpress E12AW For Annealing Beads, Ceramics, Enamels, Fusing Glass, Heat Treating, Metal Clays, And Porcelain.

Although not shown in the first photo, the door includes a 165mm x 64mm bead-annealing letter-box style door, a separate screw-on bead-mandrel holder, and a 75mm x 25mm heat-resistant glass viewing-window. Otherwise, the kiln is the same as the E12.


The bead-door and window version make the E14BW the most versatile of the series, combining the advantages of the E12B and the E12W described above. It's a good choice if you're buying your first kiln and you're not sure what you might want to do with it in the future.

Even if you don't use the bead door and window very often as you gain experience, they do make learning easier and you might find it interesting or reassuring to watch what happens during the firing sequence.

THE PARAGON XPRESS E14 ANNEALING, DICHROICS, ENAMELS, GLASS, HEAT TREATING, AND METAL CLAYS
Paragon Xpress E14 Glass Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer. Orton-Paragon Sentry Xpress Programmer.

The Paragon Xpress E14 For Annealing, Ceramics, Dichroics, Enamelling, Fusing Glass, Heat Treating, Metal Clays, And Porcelain.

The Paragon Xpress E14 is a 1095°C, square, plug-in, front-opening, table-top, firebrick kiln, with a ramp-hold Sentry Xpress 3-key digital programmer. Choose Paragon blue or customised berry, black, jade, navy, pink, purple, or turquoise.


Paragon's kiln names often use a suffixed number to represent one or more of the internal dimensions in inches. For this kiln, 14 means that the inside is about 14 inches deep: more accurately 13.5 inches.


The UK-EU kiln is rated at 230V-240V 3120W, so it can use a regular mains socket. To comply with EU safety regulations, it's fitted with a switch that cuts off the power to the elements when the kiln is opened: an important safety feature. However, never get careless: kilns are very hot and connected to the mains.

The external dimensions are 464mm x 572mm x 521mm high. The case has slots for air circulation and an integral stand. The shipping weight, including the crate, is about 65Kg.

The door metal is drilled for a central peephole-vent, but the firebrick isn't. If you want the firebrick drilling, do it yourself, or ask when you order.

The firing chamber measures 330mm x 343mm x 222mm high, and heats from both sides, with the elements in dropped recessed grooves in the 64mm thick bricks. The kiln has an electro-mechanical relay and a long-life nickel-chromium K-type thermocouple.

The programmer's electronic display prompts for heating rates, target temperatures, and hold times, making it easy to set up and re-use accurate heating, holding, and cooling sequences.


The accessories, options, and upgrades for this kiln are in the on-line shop:

List. a berry, black, jade, navy, pink, purple, or turquoise respray: normally blue
List. a programmer upgrade: Sentry Xpress 3-key to a Sentry 12-key: more useful features: factory fitted
List. a programmer upgrade: Sentry Xpress 3-key to a Sentinel Touch Screen: more useful features: factory fitted
List. a right-hand door hinge: factory fitted
List. a peephole-vent with a swing cover in the centre of the door: factory fitted
List. a 165mm x 64mm letter-box style bead-annealing door
List. a 75mm x 25mm heat-resistant glass viewing-window: factory fitted
List. a 50mm x 50mm heat-resistant glass viewing-window: factory fitted
List. an electric kiln vent: factory fitted at the side
List. an auxiliary power output for automatic vent control: factory fitted: needs 12-key
List. a USB or RS232 computer interface: factory fitted
List. a silent long-life mercury relay upgrade: factory fitted
List. a precision long-life S-type platinum-rhodium thermocouple upgrade: factory fitted
List. stacking shelf kits and shelf paper
List. ceramic fibre cloth
List. ceramic block
List. HEPA dust mask
List. clear protective glasses
List. glare-resistant glasses
List. heat-resistant gloves

And finally, my opinion.


The Xpress E14 is the largest 1095°C kiln that can use a regular mains socket. It's ideal for classrooms, course venues, schools, and commercial jewellery studios: it's 4.24 times larger inside than the SC2 and will hold three 305mm x 305mm shelves, yet it still heats up quickly. You can fire lots of metal clay at one go, use jewellery moulds, cast glass, paint china figures, and make lampshades and tiaras.

THE PARAGON XPRESS E14: KILN FURNITURE

Shelf Kits For The Paragon Xpress E14.

There's a recommended kit, included in the price: one durable rectangular 305mm x 305mm x 15mm cordierite shelf, four 12mm shelf posts, and 450gm of glass separator.

There's an extra recommended kit, not included in the price: one rectangular 305mm x 305mm x 15mm and four posts. You can choose 12mm, 25mm, 50mm, 75mm, or 100mm posts.

Depending on the material or process, and the sizes of your pieces, stacked shelves will hold more work, free up your time, and reduce the unit firing cost: so you might want more kits. This kiln has room for three.

THE PARAGON XPRESS E14B ANNEALING BEADS, DICHROICS, ENAMELS, GLASS, HEAT TREATING, AND METAL CLAYS
Paragon Xpress E14 Bead Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer. Paragon Bead Door. Orton-Paragon Sentry Xpress Programmer.

The Paragon Xpress E14B For Annealing Beads, Ceramics, Dichroics, Enamels, Fusing Glass, Heat Treating, Metal Clays, And Porcelain.

Although not shown in the first photo, the door includes a 165mm x 64mm letter-box style bead-annealing door and a separate screw-on bead-mandrel holder. Otherwise, the kiln is the same as the E14.


The bead door is hinged at the top and opens outwards. Normally, glass beads on bead mandrels, or rods, are pushed through the bead door and rest on the mandrel holder, so that an annealing programme can toughen the glass.

The bead door is often used to take a quick peep at china paintings, enamels, glass, and glazes to check on their progress, or to adjust or move pieces of work. It gives you a wider view than a window, but the kiln will heat unevenly if you keep it open for too long: although not as much as opening the main door.


If you touch hot bead mandrels, even briefly, or handle anything else hot, it's important to wear heat-resistant gloves. These are in the on-line shop.

THE PARAGON XPRESS E14W ANNEALING, DICHROICS, ENAMELS, GLASS, HEAT TREATING, AND METAL CLAYS
Paragon Xpress E14W Glass Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer. Paragon Heat Resistant Glass Viewing-Window. Orton-Paragon Sentry Xpress Programmer.

The Paragon Xpress E14W For Annealing, Ceramics, Dichroics, Enamels, Fusing Glass, Heat Treating, Metal Clays, And Porcelain.

Although not shown in the first photo, the door includes a 50mm x 50mm heat-resistant glass viewing-window. The window allows you to look at china paints, enamels, glass, and glazes to check on their progress. And you might find it interesting to watch what happens during a firing sequence. Otherwise, the kiln is the same as the Xpress E12.

There is always heat-loss through any window. To use the kiln at its highest temperatures for ceramics and porcelain, a small rectangle of ceramic-fibre cloth is included to tuck behind the glass. This isn't inconvenient because you won't need to look at ceramics whilst they're firing.


If you look into a red-hot kiln, even briefly, it's important to wear glare-resistant glasses to protect your eyes from IR and UV radiation. These are in the on-line shop.

THE PARAGON XPRESS E14BW ANNEALING BEADS, DICHROICS, ENAMELS, GLASS, HEAT TREATING, AND METAL CLAYS
Paragon Xpress E14BW Bead And Glass Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer. Paragon Bead Door. Paragon Heat Resistant Glass Viewing-Window. Orton-Paragon Sentry Xpress Programmer.

The Paragon Xpress E14BW For Annealing Beads, Ceramics, Dichroics, Enamels, Fusing Glass, Heat Treating, Metal Clays, And Porcelain.

Although not shown in the first photo, the door includes a 165mm x 64mm bead-annealing letter-box style door, a separate screw-on bead-mandrel holder, and a 75mm x 25mm heat-resistant glass viewing-window. Otherwise, the kiln is the same as the E14.


The bead-door and window version make the E14BW the most versatile of the series, combining the advantages of the E14B and the E14W described above. It's a good choice if you're buying your first kiln and you're not sure what you might want to do with it in the future.

Even if you don't use the bead door and window very often as you gain experience, they do make learning easier and you might find it interesting or reassuring to watch what happens during the firing sequence.

THE PARAGON XPRESS J14 ART CLAY, DICHROICS, ENAMELS, GLASS FUSING, SAGGING, SLUMPING, AND PMC
Paragon Xpress J-14 Glass Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer. Orton-Paragon Sentry Xpress Programmer.

The Paragon Xpress J14 For Annealing, Dichroics, Enamelling, Fusing Glass, Heat Treating, And Sintering Metal Clays.

The Paragon Xpress J14 is a 925°C, plug-in, square, front-opening, table-top, ceramic fibre kiln, with a ramp-hold Sentry Xpress 3-key digital programmer. Choose Paragon blue or customised berry, black, jade, navy, pink, purple, or turquoise.


Paragon's kiln names often use a suffixed number to represent one or more of the internal dimensions in inches. For this kiln, 14 means that the inside is about 14 inches deep: more accurately 13 inches.


The UK-EU kiln is rated at 230V-240V 2400W, so it can use a regular mains socket. To comply with EU safety regulations, it's fitted with a switch that cuts off the power to the elements when the kiln is opened: an important safety feature. However, never get careless: kilns are very hot and connected to the mains.

The external dimensions are 457mm x 546mm x 521mm high. The case has slots for air circulation and an integral stand. The shipping weight, including the crate, is about 50kg.

The door has an adjustable lever latch and opens 180° for easy access. There's a removable ceramic stopper in the top vent for lost-wax casting, burnout, and other processes that might release fumes.

The firing chamber, enclosed in an inner steel case, measures 330mm x 330mm x 229mm high internally, and heats from both sides and the back, with the elements safely embedded in the fibre. The kiln has an electro-mechanical relay and a long-life nickel-chromium K-type thermocouple.

The programmer's electronic display prompts for heating rates, target temperatures, and hold times, making it easy to set up and re-use accurate heating, holding, and cooling sequences.

List. a berry, black, jade, navy, pink, purple, or turquoise respray: normally blue
List. a right-hand door hinge: factory fitted
List. a programmer upgrade: Sentry Xpress 3-key to a Sentry 12-key: more useful features: factory fitted
List. a programmer upgrade: Sentry Xpress 3-key to a Sentinel Touch Screen: more useful features: factory fitted
List. a silent long-life mercury relay upgrade: factory fitted
List. a precision long-life S-type platinum-rhodium thermocouple upgrade: factory fitted
List. stacking shelf kits and shelf paper
List. ceramic fibre cloth
List. ceramic block
List. HEPA dust mask
List. clear protective glasses
List. glare-resistant glasses
List. heat-resistant gloves

And finally, my opinion:

It's ideal for classrooms, course venues, schools, and commercial jewellery studios: it's 4.19 times larger inside than the SC2 and will hold three 305mm x 305mm shelves, yet it still heats up quickly. You can fire lots of metal clay at one go, use jewellery moulds, cast glass, paint china figures, and make lampshades and tiaras.

As the elements are embedded, not exposed, they don't need a door cut-off safety-switch so, if you open the kiln to check on enamelling or fusing, the elements stay on and the kiln doesn't lose heat quickly.

THE PARAGON XPRESS J14: KILN FURNITURE

Shelf Kits For The Paragon Xpress J14.

There's a recommended kit, included in the price: one durable 305mm x 305mm x 15mm cordierite shelf, four 12mm shelf posts, and 450gm of glass separator.

There's an extra recommended kit, not included in the price: one 305mm x 305mm x 15mm and four posts. You can choose 12mm, 25mm, 50mm, 75mm, or 100mm posts.

Depending on the material or process, and the sizes of your pieces, stacked shelves will hold more work, free up your time, and reduce the unit firing cost: so you might want more kits. This kiln has room for three.

THE PARAGON XPRESS 1313 ANNEALING, CERAMICS, GLASS, HEAT TREATING, PORCELAIN, POTTERY, AND RAKU
Paragon Xpress 1313 Ceramics And Glass Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer. Paragon Rolling Stand With Casters. Orton-Paragon Sentry Xpress Programmer.

The Paragon Xpress 66-3 Kiln For Annealing, Casting, Ceramics, Dolls, Earthenware, Enamels, Glass Fusing And Slumping, Heat Treating, Porcelain, Pottery, And Raku.

The Paragon Xpress 1313 is a 1260°C, seven-sided, wired-in, top-opening, floor-standing, firebrick kiln, with a ramp-hold Sentry Xpress 3-key digital programmer. Choose Paragon blue or customised berry, black, jade, navy, pink, purple, or turquoise.


Paragon's kiln names often use a suffixed number to represent one or more of the internal dimensions in inches. For this kiln, 1313 means it's about 13 inches across and about 13 inches high: more accurately 13.5 and 13.25. In the US, it's called the 66-3 as the firebricks are 3 inches thick, although 66 doesn't relate to any dimension or feature of the kiln.


The UK-EU kiln is rated at 230V-240V 3600W, so it needs a 15A minimum wired-in power supply. To comply with EU safety regulations, it's fitted with a switch that cuts off the power to the elements when the kiln is opened: an important safety feature. However, never get careless: kilns are very hot and connected to the mains.

The external dimensions are 559mm x 648mm x 711mm high. The body has two lifting handles, the lid has a fold-away support, and there are two wide-view peephole-vents in one of the sides. The metal table, not shown in the first photo, is 305mm high, and has a lower shelf for drying greenware and optional lockable casters. The shipping weight, including the crate, is about 78Kg.

The firing chamber measures 343mm x 337mm high, and heats from all sides, with the elements in dropped recessed grooves in the 76mm thick bricks. The kiln has an electro-mechanical relay and a long-life nickel-chromium K-type thermocouple.

The top row of bricks doesn't have an element groove, so the firing chamber is stronger around the top edge where the lid closes. In addition, the two meeting surfaces are hardened with refractory cement.

The programmer's electronic display prompts for heating rates, target temperatures, and hold times, making it easy to set up and re-use accurate heating, holding, and cooling sequences. The cone-fire mode, up to cone 8, will simplify your work with ceramics.


The accessories, options, and upgrades for this kiln are in the on-line shop:

List. a berry, black, jade, navy, pink, purple, or turquoise respray: normally blue
List. a programmer upgrade: Sentry Xpress 3-key to a Sentry 12-key: more useful features: factory fitted
List. a programmer upgrade: Sentry Xpress 3-key to a Sentinel Touch Screen: more useful features: factory fitted
List. a maximum temperature upgrade from 1260°C to 1290°C: up to cone 10: factory fitted
List. an electric kiln vent: factory fitted at the bottom
List. an auxiliary power output for automatic vent control: factory fitted: needs 12-key
List. a USB or RS232 computer interface: factory fitted: needs 12-key
List. a silent long-life mercury relay upgrade: factory fitted
List. a precision long-life S-type platinum-rhodium thermocouple upgrade: factory fitted
List. stacking shelf kits and shelf paper
List. ceramic fibre cloth
List. ceramic block
List. HEPA dust mask
List. clear protective glasses
List. glare-resistant glasses
List. heat-resistant gloves

And finally, my opinion:

The Xpress 1313 is a robust high-temperature kiln, made for years of continual firing. With a maximum temperature of 1260°C, it's ideal for a ceramics, glass, or porcelain studio. It's large enough for 310mm diameter bowls and plates and 300mm high pots and vases. However, the Xpress 1613, described below, is 1.43 times larger, so probably worth the extra cost.

THE PARAGON XPRESS 1313: KILN FURNITURE

Shelf Kits For The Paragon Xpress 66-3 And 1313.

There's a recommended kit, included in the price: one durable round 305mm x 15mm cordierite shelf, four 12mm shelf posts, and 450gm of kiln wash. So you can start work straight away.

There are two extra recommended kits, not included in the price: one round 305mm x 15mm shelf and four posts, or one half-round 305mm x 15mm shelf and three posts. You can choose 12mm, 25mm, 50mm, 75mm, or 100mm posts.

Depending on the material or process, and the sizes of your pieces, stacked shelves will hold more work, free up your time, and reduce the unit firing cost: so you might want more kits. This kiln has room for three.

THE PARAGON XPRESS 1613 ANNEALING, CERAMICS, GLASS, HEAT TREATING, PORCELAIN, POTTERY, AND RAKU
Paragon Xpress 1613 Ceramics And Glass Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer. Paragon Rolling Stand With Casters. Orton-Paragon Sentry Xpress Programmer.

The Paragon Xpress 1613-3 Kiln For Annealing, Casting, Ceramics, Earthenware, Enamelling, Glass Fusing And Slumping, Heat Treating, Porcelain, Pottery, And Raku.

The Paragon Xpress 1613 is a 1290°C, eight-sided, wired-in, top-opening, floor-standing, firebrick kiln, with a ramp-hold Sentry Xpress 3-key digital programmer. Choose Paragon blue or customised berry, black, jade, navy, pink, purple, or turquoise.


Paragon's kiln names often use a suffixed number to represent one or more of the internal dimensions in inches. For this kiln, 1613 means it's about 16 inches across and about 13 inches high: more accurately 16.5 and 13.25. In the US, it's sometimes called the 1613-3 as the firebricks are 3-inches thick.


The UK-EU kiln is rated at 230V-240V 6400W, so it needs a 27A minimum wired-in power supply. To comply with EU safety regulations, it's fitted with a switch that cuts off the power to the elements when the kiln is opened: an important safety feature. However, never get careless: kilns are very hot and connected to the mains.

The external dimensions are 648mm x 724mm x 737mm high. The body has two lifting handles, the lid has a fold-away support, and there are two wide-view peephole-vents in two of the sides. The metal table, not shown in the first photo, is 305mm high, and has a lower shelf for drying greenware and optional lockable casters. The shipping weight, including the crate, is about 90Kg.

The firing chamber measures 419mm x 337mm high, and heats from all sides, with the elements in dropped recessed grooves in the 76mm thick bricks. The kiln has two electro-mechanical relays and a long-life nickel-chromium K-type thermocouple.

The top row of bricks doesn't have an element groove, so the firing chamber is stronger around the top edge where the lid closes. In addition, the two meeting surfaces are hardened with refractory cement.

The programmer's electronic display prompts for heating rates, target temperatures, and hold times, making it easy to set up and re-use accurate heating, holding, and cooling sequences. The cone-fire mode, up to cone 10, will simplify your work with ceramics.


The accessories, options, and upgrades for this kiln are in the on-line shop:

List. a berry, black, jade, navy, pink, purple, or turquoise respray: normally blue
List. a programmer upgrade: Sentry Xpress 3-key to a Sentry 12-key: more useful features: factory fitted
List. a programmer upgrade: Sentry Xpress 3-key to a Sentinel Touch Screen: more useful features: factory fitted
List. an electric kiln vent: factory fitted at the bottom
List. an auxiliary power output for automatic vent control: factory fitted: needs 12-key
List. a USB or RS232 computer interface: factory fitted
List. a silent long-life mercury relay upgrade: factory fitted
List. a precision long-life S-type platinum-rhodium thermocouple upgrade: factory fitted
List. stacking shelf kits and shelf paper
List. ceramic fibre cloth
List. ceramic block
List. HEPA dust mask
List. clear protective glasses
List. glare-resistant glasses
List. heat-resistant gloves

And finally, my opinion:


The Xpress 1613, the largest top-opener in this series, is a robust high-temperature kiln, made for years of continual firing. With a maximum temperature of 1290°C, it's ideal for a ceramics, glass, or porcelain studio. It's large enough for 360mm diameter bowls and plates and 300mm high pots and vases. It's 1.43 times larger than the Xpress 1313, described above, so probably worth the extra cost.

THE PARAGON XPRESS 1613-3: KILN FURNITURE

Shelf Kits For The Paragon Xpress 1613-3 And 1613.

There's a recommended kit, included in the price: one durable round 380mm x 15mm cordierite shelf, four 12mm shelf posts, and 450gm of kiln wash.

There's an extra recommended kit, not included in the price: one round 380mm x 15mm shelf and three posts, or one half-round 380mm x 15mm shelf and three posts. You can choose 12mm, 25mm, 50mm, 75mm, or 100mm posts.

Depending on the material or process, and the sizes of your pieces, stacked shelves will hold more work, free up your time, and reduce the unit firing cost: so you might want more kits. This kiln has room for three.

RECOMMENDED READING
General Help and FAQs For Kilns.

Kilns, Programmers, Kiln Furniture, Options, Upgrades, Firing, Kiln Logs, Accessories, Materials, Processes, And Tools.

The remaining sections are about digital programmers, shelf kits, options, upgrades, materials, and processes. Unless you're already successfully using a kiln, they're recommended reading.


Cherry Heaven has been a Paragon distributor since 2002, and commended every year for outstanding performance. Paragon kilns are good value: buy Paragons and you could save enough to treat yourself to a luxury five-star weekend break.

Anyone can buy a kiln to resell and call themselves a specialist, but a top-tier distributor understands all the kilns, options, and upgrades, will stock spares, offers free competent technical support, can help you repair your kiln, provide on-line repair videos, has a repair workshop, and can access Paragon's extensive knowledge-base.

If you need help, you can mail an experienced technician or call . Alternatively, to learn more about how your kiln works, use the help link below the menu bar near the top of the page.

THE PARAGON SENTRY XPRESS 3-KEY DIGITAL PROGRAMMER
Orton-Paragon Sentry Xpress Programmer.

The Orton-Paragon Sentry Xpress 3-Key Digital Controller.

The Paragon Sentry Xpress 3-key digital programmer allows you to set up four firing sequences, each one with up to eight heating, holding, or cooling segments. You can choose the heating and cooling rates, target temperatures, and hold times, save the sequences, and re-use them.

It's easy to use: far easier than a central heating programmer. Here's a Cherry Heaven TV programme about setting a simple ramp-hold sequence. The ramp is the part where the temperature increases until it reaches the target temperature: the hold is the part where the temperature stays the same. UK-EU programmers will be in degrees Celsius.


Cherry Heaven TV provides on-line radio and television programmes on the Cherry Heaven TV Player. To use the player, click the controls or drag the time-line slider or volume slider to a new position.


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THE PARAGON SENTRY 12-KEY DIGITAL PROGRAMMER
Orton-Paragon Sentry Digital Programmer.

The Orton-Paragon Sentry 12-Key Digital Controller.

The Paragon Sentry 12-key digital programmer allows you to set up nine firing sequences, each one with up to ten heating, holding, or cooling segments. You can choose the heating and cooling rates, target temperatures, and hold times, save the sequences, and re-use them. It also offers advanced and time-saving features, including optional automatic control over an electric kiln vent, a gas injection system, and a USB computer interface.

It's easy to use: far easier than a central heating programmer. Here's a Cherry Heaven TV programme about setting a simple ramp-hold sequence. The ramp is the part where the temperature increases until it reaches the target temperature: the hold is the part where the temperature stays the same. UK-EU programmers will be in degrees Celsius.


Cherry Heaven TV provides on-line radio and television programmes on the Cherry Heaven TV Player. To use the player, click the controls or drag the time-line slider or volume slider to a new position.


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KILN FURNITURE: A GENERAL INTRODUCTION IMPORTANT
Paragon Kiln Shelf Kit.

Kiln Furniture: Shelves And Posts.

Most kilns have a recommended furniture kit. Delivery companies have a low rate for parcels less than 30kg so, for smaller kilns weighing less than 30Kg, the kit is generally one shelf and four posts: included in the price because it fits in the box and doesn't add much to the overall weight.

You get a professional, durable, cordierite shelf with four 12mm high posts. You don't get a soft, ceramic-fibre shelf, often described as free, that will gradually break up and need replacing.

Shelf kits for rectangular or square kilns usually include four 25mm x 25mm x 12mm shelf posts, When flat, they're 12mm high: on their sides, they're 25mm. Other sizes, up to 150mm high, are available, so you can choose the shelf spacing that suits your kiln and your work. Shelves for cylindrical kilns usually have three posts.

The recommended kit is usually the simplest that works: not an expensive collection that I've put together for you. However, extra shelf kits allow you to stack your work, optimising your use of the firing chamber volume, the unit-cost of firing, and your time. And extra half-shelves or smaller shelves allow you to fire a mix of shorter and taller pieces.


For larger kilns weighing more than 30Kg, shelf kits are not included in the price because you'll probably want to choose your own mix of shelves, half-shelves, smaller shelves, and assorted-height posts.


One shelf should stay on the floor of the firing chamber all the time in case you accidentally spill or melt anything: solidified glass or metal is impossible to pick off without damaging the ceramic-fibre or firebrick.

Shelves are not meant to be an exact fit in the kiln. You need finger space all round and they mustn't scrape the kiln walls every time they're put in or taken out. Be careful lifting heavy shelves out of a top-opening kiln: if you drop them they will damage the firebricks.

Although they look tough, most ceramics break if they're dropped on a hard floor, so it's a good idea to have spare shelves, especially if your business depends on your kiln or you're running courses.


During firing sequences with heating, holding, and cooling segments, the elements turn on and off repeatedly. In a small kiln, with little residual heat, the inevitable temperature changes can make glass crack as it expands and contracts. A thick heavy shelf stores heat and, because it's resting on posts, the air circulates, helping to even out the normal temperature fluctuations.


If you're buying your first kiln, you're probably interested in one material, such as silver clay, or one process, such as enamelling. However, after a few successes, and failures, most people want to try different materials, make larger pieces, experiment with combinations, fire more at a time, and soon become interested in something else: or everything else. Some start a business or run classes.

You might want a full shelf, two half-shelves, several mixed shelves, a set of shelf posts, a bead-mandrel holder, glass separator, hot gloves, kiln wash, a knife-making rack, pyrometric cones, a tile holder, or other accessories.

Shelves are heavy, so kits ordered separately need a box and protective packing and attract an extra delivery charge. Outside the UK mainland, this might be expensive. So, if you think you'll need them, order them with your kiln, along with any other accessories, materials, parts, or tools.


For dichroics, enamelling, and glass fusing, put kiln paper on the shelf to stop the glass sticking: it's simpler and cleaner to use than glass separator. Bullseye Thinfire shelf paper, probably the most popular, ensures easy separation between your glass and the kiln shelf. One side feels slightly smoother than the other: that's the glass side.

Generally, glasswork needs radiant heat and will fuse, sag, or slump better on one shelf than between closely stacked shelves, although experienced glass artists often use several shelves successfully.

Delicate pieces can be fired on a puffed-up ceramic-fibre cloth: on a shelf. Round pieces, that could roll to one side, can be fired on a hollowed-out ceramic-fibre block. However, if the kin has elements in the bottom as with the Mini-Kiln and Prometheus Pro-7, a cloth or block will act as insulator and the kiln might overheat.

Particulates represent a health risk if they're breathed in, so wear a HEPA mask when cleaning out your kiln, mixing kiln wash, and working with ceramic-fibre blocks, ceramic cloths, and papers. And, ideally, use protective glasses.

If you want to touch anything hot, or move your kiln before it's cooled off, it's important to wear heat-resistant gloves. And, if you want to look into a red-hot kiln, even briefly, wear glare-resistant glasses to protect your eyes from IR and UV.


If your day-to-day work depends on your kiln and down-time will be disruptive or expensive, it's a good idea to have spares: extra shelves, a selection of posts, elements, a relay, and a thermocouple.

You can learn about ceramic blocks and cloths, charcoal, dust masks, glare-resistant glasses, glass separator, heat-resistant gloves, kiln vents, kiln wash, programmers, protective glasses, USB interfaces, shelf paper, tools, and other accessories, using the accessories link below the menu bar near the top of the front page. And they're all in the on-line shop.


Shelves are checked before despatch and are wrapped protectively. But they're not guaranteed and we cannot be responsible for any later damage.

OPTIONS AND UPGRADES: A GENERAL INTRODUCTION
Paragon Xpress E9A Jewellery Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer: Purple.

Options And Upgrades.

It's important to learn about options and upgrades now as some have to be factory-fitted. The photo shows a Paragon Xpress E9A customised for a PMC silver clay studio: purple, with the maximum temperature set to 925°C so that students couldn't accidentally melt their silver.


An option is cosmetic or practical, such as a black respray, a right-hand door hinge, a peephole-vent, a bead-annealing door, a door or lid viewing window, or an EU plug.

An upgrade extends the standard specifications, such as a higher maximum temperature, a 3-key to a 12-key programmer, an electric kiln vent, a gas injection control system, an auxilliary power output, or a USB computer interface.

Not every option or upgrade applies to every kiln, so mail or call if you need help. However, if they're appropriate, they're listed in the on-line shop, so just add up the ones you want: but order them with your kiln as they're often difficult, expensive, or impossible, to implement afterwards. It might help if you make a few notes of your own as you read?


Kilns use regular single-phase 230V-240V mains so have 230V EU elements, not 120V US elements. The smaller kilns have UK 13A three-pin plugs: so they're ready to go. If you're not in the UK, use a plug adapter or cut off the UK plug and fit your own: it won't invalidate the guarantee. Alternatively, a special-order kiln can have a factory-fitted EU plug.

Most kilns can be re-engineered for 110V, 200V, 208V, or 220V, single phase or three phase, or 440V three phase. If you're interested, mail or call.


Although standard EU and US kilns have the same maximum temperature, set by the design and the programmer, some 1095°C firebrick kilns can be re-engineered to run at 1230°C, 1260°C, or 1290°C, making them versatile mixed-media kilns. However, to use 1290°C full-on hour after hour, choose an industrial or professional model.

Also, to maintain 1290°C, some upgraded kilns might need thicker firebricks, so they'll be slightly smaller inside: about 12mm on each side. Mail or call if you're interested, or need help deciding.

The UK factory-set maximum temperature is based on a reliable average voltage of 240V. If there's a regional, national, or temporary voltage drop, high-temperature kilns might take longer to reach their specified maximum or not reach it.


Some kilns are normally blue, but can be factory-painted berry, black, jade, navy, pink, purple, or turquoise. However, as they're made to order, they can't be returned if the colour isn't exactly the same as in the photo.

Changing the door hinge might be better if your kiln is in the corner of your studio or there's an obstacle that will make access difficult. Give this some thought.

Most of the medium-size top-opening kilns have a standard lift-up lid. Firebrick lids seem heavy to some people so, if you feel that a ceramic fibre lid, a hydraulic-assisted lid, or spring-assisted lid would be easier, mail or call.


If the kiln comes with a Sentry Xpress 3-Key ramp-hold programmer, you can upgrade to a Sentry Xpress 3-Key cone-fire ramp-hold programmer, usually preferred for ceramics. Cone-fire is implemented in the programmer's software and is very easy to use: just set a cone number and start the firing sequence.

Depending on the kiln, you can upgrade a Sentry Xpress 3-key programmer to a Sentry 12-Key ten segment ramp-hold, or cone-fire ramp-hold, programmer, with advanced firing features and connection options. The 3-key has a 12-month guarantee and the 12-key has a 30-month guarantee.

A Sentry 12-key programmer can be connected to your computer through a factory-fitted USB interface. The Control Master software allows you to control and monitor the firing, and analyse, arrange, print out, and save the data. If you want this feature, make sure you order the USB interface in the on-line shop.


Depending on the kiln, the 12-key programmer has a power-ratio feature: you can adjust the heat balance between the top and sides in 10% steps and control the heat distribution over larger pieces.

Kilns which only heat from the top, as opposed to the top and sides, don't have the power-ratio feature. However, the initial cost-saving has to be offset against fewer firing options.


With larger kilns, serious glass artists are always concerned about firebrick dust from the lid falling onto their work, so you could upgrade the standard firebrick lid to a factory-fitted ceramic-fibre lid with the elements threaded through pinless grooves in the fibre: or, as a luxury upgrade, with the elements completely embedded in the fibre.


Most kilns come with an electro-mechanical long-life nickel-chromium K-type thermocouple. However, if extra long-life and reliability are vital, you can upgrade to a mercury relay which has a lifetime of several million on-off cycles. The relay can switch 30A, so if you have a kiln that needs 50A, you'll need two relays.

If extra long-life and reliability are vital, especially at temperatures above 1100°C, you can upgrade to a long-life S-type platinum-rhodium thermocouple.


Some front-opening kilns are just too large and too heavy for a regular worktop, so Paragon makes a strong steel table, 768mm x 768mm x 718mm high, with two shelves for your accessories. The luxury version, with castors, is 63mm taller. If you decide to buy on old wood table, the rigidity of the legs is vital otherwise it will collapse like a parallelogram.


Some bronze and copper clays, and some metals, need to be fired in activated charcoal granules in a stainless steel container. The SC2 and SC3, the Caldera-A, and the Xpress E9A and E10A can hold a one-litre container: most other kilns can hold a three-litre but check the internal size before you buy the container. It's important that the container doesn't touch the thermocouple.

Particulates represent a health risk if they're breathed in, so wear a HEPA mask when cleaning out your kiln, mixing kiln wash, and working with charcoals, ceramic-fibre blocks, cloths, and papers. And, ideally, use protective glasses.

If you want to touch anything hot or move your kiln before it's cooled off, it's important to wear heat-resistant gloves. And, if you want to look into a red-hot kiln, wear glare-resistant glasses which protect your eyes from IR and UV.


Paragon kilns, made in the US, have been re-engineered and comprehensively tested for the UK, the EU, and most other countries. They're CE Marked and comply with EU safety standards. They're guaranteed for a year, and Paragon has an international, informed, and supportive user-base, and spares and repair centres.

The UK-EU digital programmer shows degrees Celsius, not degrees Fahrenheit as in the US. If you need to convert, this is how to do it. However, if you want to work in Fahrenheit, you can make a simple change to the programmer.


For help, or in the unlikely event of a fault, you can mail or call an engineer in the UK. However, home checks, adjustments, and repairs are quick and easy, needing little more than a PosiDriv screwdriver, and you can watch on-line videos. Alternatively, we can repair the kiln in our workshop at Cherry Heaven.

As with a lot of heavy consumer products made in the US but sold elsewhere, Paragon's guarantee covers replacement parts, not a return to the distributor or factory, and not any labour costs. However, as an example, replacing a programmer takes just a few minutes.

AN ELECTRIC KILN VENT
Orton-Paragon VentMaster: Unassembled.

The Orton-Paragon Vent Master Kiln Vent.

Refreshing the air in a kiln minimises surface blemishes when firing clays, ensures brighter colours when firing glasses, and prevents colour contamination when firing different glazes.

A factory-fitted Paragon-Orton Vent Master removes airborn pollutants straight away and redirects them to the outside through a flexi-pipe. The kilns can be factory-readied, so the vent just needs on-site assembly.

The vent motor isn't so powerful that the heat-up time and maximum temperature are reduced, but the cooling time is, depending on the size of the kiln.


The UK-EU vent motor is rated at 230V-240V 132W, so it can use a regular mains socket. The suction cup and pipe are attached to the kiln but the motor can be remote: it doesn't get hot and the fan is easy to clean.

There's always a small gap, for expansion, around any kiln door or lid, so enough new air can be drawn in to replace the old air being drawn out. However, peepholes act as straight-through cold-air inlets: so you might not want them or block them with some ceramic cloth?

The vent can be turned on and off manually. Alternatively, if the kiln has a Sentry or a Sentinel programmer, the vent can be plugged into the kiln's auxilliary power outlet and controlled by the programmer. The power outlet has to be fitted during manufacture, so decide before you order.


As with Paragon kilns, Orton Vent Masters can be re-engineered for any electrical system. They conform to the demanding 1992 Uniform Mechanical Code and the UL standard, and are CE Marked for the EU. They have a two year limited warranty.

A GAS INLET FLOW METER
Paragon Gas Inlet Flow Meter.

The Paragon Gas Inlet Flow Meter.

During heat treating, oxygen forms a scale on the surface of knife blades, metals, and tools. To minimise this, the parts can either be wrapped in heat-treating foil or an inert gas can be injected into the furnace to displace the oxygen.

Most professional knife makers use gas injection for precise control and to save time. If you have a Sentry or a Sentinel Touch Screen programmer, a solenoid kit can automatically turn the gas on or off for each segment of the firing: just programme the controller to turn on the gas at the temperature where scale begins to form on the steel.


In addition to the flow meter, you'll also need a regulator to reduce the pressure from the gas tank. This is usually bought with the gas tank: it's not part of this Paragon option. The gas pressure to the flow meter should be less than 20 pounds per square inch.

Furnaces aren't air tight and gas will leak out through the firebricks and metal seams, so you need a steady flow of gas. Gas at room temperature will expand to over twenty times its volume when injected into a firing chamber at 550°C, so a low setting on the flow meter is adequate to prevent most scaling.


Depending on how you work, gas injection might reduce the life of the heating elements slightly. However, they're easy and inexpensive to replace. If your business depends on continual kiln time, buying a spare set of elements would be sensible.

Argon gas is popular for heat treating because it's inexpensive. But, it's heavier than air and breathing it in won't keep you alive. so your workshop must be well ventilated.

FIRING CHARACTERISTICS

How Electric Kilns Work.

Generally, as soon as a programmable kiln starts its firing sequence, it begins to heat up at a rate set by the programmer. It can't heat up quicker than it would do with the elements full on all the time.

The thermocouple tells the programmer the current internal temperature and, depending on the sequence you've chosen, the programmer turns the elements on or off to control the sequence segments: the heating rate, the target temperature, the hold time, and the cooling rate. It can't cool down quicker than it would do with the kiln turned off. When the sequence is complete, the kiln beeps, and the sequence stops.


For safety, the programmer doesn't switch the full mains voltage. Instead it drives a relay, an electro-mechanical switch. The programmer uses a low voltage to activate the switch which turns the high-voltage high-current elements on or off.


When the target temperature is reached, the programmer switches the elements off. However, residual heat in the firing chamber allows the internal temperature to overshoot the target temperature briefly before starting to fall back.

This overshoot is more evident at low temperatures than at high temperatures, and in small kilns rather than large kilns. For example: 300°C will probably overshoot to 350°C whereas 800°C will probably only overshoot to 805°C before starting to fall back.

However, our Sentry Xpress programmers have a software modification that slows down the heating just before the target temperature, reducing any overshoot and improving the accuracy.

During the hold-time, with the elements still off, the temperature starts to fall. When the programmer switches the elements back on, the firing chamber will initially absorb some of the new heat before the temperature recovers. The continual switching of the elements on and off causes the internal temperature to oscillate either side of the target temperature.

This is similar to central heating. If you set it for 21°C, it probably oscillates, quite slowly, around 20°C to 22°C: and you won't notice. The accuracy will depend on where the thermostat is sited, how quickly it responds, how accurate it is, how long it takes for the radiators to heat up, and if you have doors and windows open. The temperature will probably be different in each room.

So, regardless of the thermocouple temperature, the actual temperature of your work will be slightly different, depending on its position on the kiln shelf, the vertical spacing of any stacked shelves, and its nearness to the elements, a lid, a door, a bead door, or a window. Learn to take this into account if you're working with temperature-critical materials or processes.


Remember that glass needs radiant heat and will fuse, sag, or slump better on one shelf at the bottom than between closely stacked shelves.


Kiln doors and lids are not meant to be a perfect fit otherwise, at high temperatures, there'd be no room for expansion and movement, and the door could stick and the ceramic-fibre or firebricks could crack.

All kilns smell a bit, and even produce whisps of smoke, during the first firings, just like a toaster or a fan heater. If you're worried about fumes, open a window.

Eventually, with normal use, kilns discolour slightly, inside and outside, and some firebricks might develop hairline cracks. Your kiln is a versatile, robust, red-hot tool: not an ornament.

KEEPING A KILN LOG

Keeping A Kiln Log.

Using your kiln successfully needs critical research and frequent tests, especially as things that work for your friends and teachers might not work in the same way for you. It's also very important to learn how to creatively use unexpected effects. So, keep a firing log:


Buy a durable notebook. Use a new page for every firing, and draw diagrams of the shelves, their vertical spacing, and the position of your work on the shelves. Along with your work, put a few scraps at different places on the shelves to learn how things change. Describe the material, the shape of your work, the firing cycle, and the end result. Add a few photos and sketches, and mark the page corners with coloured dots or symbols as a quick reminder of your success rating.

A kiln log is vital if you're experimenting with temperature-sensitive materials or working with metals, coloured dichroic glasses, enamels, glazes, or china paints, and a skilled artist will use the kiln log to advantage to re-create effects. It'll be particularly useful if you have to repeat a commission, or you have a long holiday before returning to your studio.


Some Paragon kilns have a Sentry 12-key or a Sentinel Touch Screen programmer which can be connected to your computer through a factory-fitted USB interface. The Control Master software allows you to control and monitor the firing, and analyse, arrange, save, and print out the data. If you want this feature, make sure you order the USB interface in the on-line shop.

A BRIEF INTRODUCTION TO CLAYS
Natural Clay.

What Is Clay?

Clays are formed naturally over millions of years as rocks break up into minute particles. They consist of hydrous aluminium silicates and other compounds such as feldspar, iron oxides, mica, and quartz. Clays are collectively referred to as ceramics.

Clays are often divided into three main categories: earthenware, porcelain, and stoneware. Generally, they needs to be fired for several hours, although the exact chemical composition affects the firing temperatures and times, and the clays' colour, porosity, shrinkage, and strength.

EARTHENWARE, PORCELAIN, AND STONEWARE
Earthenware Flower Pot.

What Are Earthenware, Porcelain, And Stoneware?

Earthenware is normally beige, red, or white. It has the lowest firing temperature of the three, usually about 1150°C. It's slightly porous, and stains and chips easily, so it's often glazed to protect the surface. Its porosity means it's good for making planters and oven steamers, but not good for jugs or vases.

Porcelain is composed of kaolin, or china clay. Kaolin doesn't melt until 1800°C, so other compounds are usually added so it can be fired between 1250°C and 1400°C. For example, bone china is made by adding bone ash to the clay. It's known for its whiteness, hardness, smoothness, durability, and translucency. When tapped, it makes a distinctive ping: or ming.

Stoneware is normally beige, grey, or red-brown. It's usually fired between 1150°C and 1300°C. It's hard, durable, and resists thermal shock. Glazes bond well, so it can be made waterproof.

BISQUE
Bisque.

What Is Bisque?

Bisque is clay which has been fired once, without a glaze, to a temperature just before vitrification. Firing changes the clay into ceramic material, without fully fusing it. A second, slower, firing melts the glaze and fuses it to the clay body.

BONE CHINA
Royal Victoria Bone China.

What Is Bone China?

Bone china is a type of porcelain composed of bone ash, feldspathic material, and kaolin. It's the strongest of the porcelain or china ceramics, having very high mechanical and physical strength and chip resistance, and is known for its high levels of whiteness and translucency. Its high strength allows it to be produced in thinner cross-sections than other types of porcelain.

From its initial development and up to the latter part of the 20th century, bone china was almost exclusively English, with production being effectively localised in Stoke-on-Trent. Most major English firms made or still make it, including Fortnum & Mason, Mintons, Coalport, Spode, Royal Crown Derby, Royal Doulton, Wedgwood, and Worcester.

In the UK, references to china or porcelain can refer to bone china, and English Porcelain has been used as a term for it, both in the UK and around the world

POLYMER CLAY
Polymer Clay Flowers By Olga Zhukova.

What Is Polymer Clay?

Polymer clay is a man-made material: tiny particles of polyvinyl chloride mixed with plasticisers and pigments. When it's baked, at around 125°C, the particles fuse and the clay hardens.

RAKU
Raku.

What Is Raku?

Raku was originally a Japanese technique, but it's now become an internationally popular way to make decorative ware, with each piece having a unique blend of colours.

A bisque piece is fired to about 950°C, then glazed. It's removed from the kiln when red-hot, and put straight into a container of combustible material.

The flames, reducing atmosphere, and mix of chemicals stain the clay. When the piece is removed and quenched in cold water, interesting colours and shades remain: often unpredictable.

A BRIEF INTRODUCTION TO METAL CLAYS
Art Clay Silver Clay. Acrylic Tools. Clay Shapers. Hand Tools.

What Is A Metal Clay?

Metal Clays are clay-like materials made of fine metal powders and water-soluble organic binders. Out of the packet they feel like modelling clay, so can be shaped using anything appropriate. If you don't like what you've made, you can roll it up and start again. Any scraps can be wrapped up in cling-film or foil and re-used, so there's almost no waste.

When you're happy with your work, it's dried so that the moisture can evaporate. At this stage it feels like a plaster, so you can still refine the shape: or even add more clay.

As it's fired, the binders vapourise, releasing small amounts of non-toxic carbon dioxide and water, and the metal powder sinters, leaving solid metal: real metal, not something that just looks like metal. The firing temperature isn't high enough to melt the metal otherwise your work would liquify and lose it's shape.


Although Art Clay and PMC silver clays were first to market, there's now an increasingly diverse range of metal clays, such as Cinter, Clay Mania, Creative, Goldie, Hadar Jacobson, Metal Adventures, Meteor, Noble, PMC Sterling, and Prometheus.

I sometimes get asked if there's a platinum metal clay: there is, but it's an industrial product. Platinum melts at 1772°C, so a platimum clay would probably need to fire at around 1600°C: beyond the maximum temperature of conventional kilns.


All our tools have been chosen for their engineering excellence and clean functionality, to help you manage a creative and efficient work environment. And you'll enjoy using good tools rather than continually improvising. To learn more, use the accessories-tools link below the menu bar near the top of the page.

SILVER CLAY
Art Clay Silver Pendant.

Aida Art Clay Silver And Mitsubishi PMC Silver Clay.

There are two popular makes of silver clay: Art Clay made by Aida Chemical Industries and PMC made by Mitsubishi Materials Corporation, in Japan. They're both clay-like materials made of fine silver powder and water-soluble organic binders.

Art Clay Silver and PMC Silver, sometimes just called silver clay, metal clay, or precious-metal clay, are easy to fire: put your dried work on a kiln shelf and programme the temperature and hold-time.

As they're fired, the binders vapourise, releasing very small amounts of non-toxic carbon dioxide and water, and the metal powder sinters, leaving solid 999 silver: real metal, not something that just looks like metal.

All jewellery kilns include a durable shelf kit so that you can start work straight away, but several shelves can be stacked to make better use of your time and reduce the unit-cost of firing: so you might want more than one.


Although we chose to work with, sell, and provide classes in Art Clay, both makes fire in a similar way. So any kiln suitable for Art Clay will be just as good for PMC.

If you're currently using PMC, try Art Clay. There are differences in the feel, the shrinkage, the strength, the surface lustre, the product range, the pricing, and the general commercial setup if you're running a serious business.


To learn more, use the links below the menu bar near the top of the page. You can buy ArtClay, bronze clay, copper clay, gold clay, and related products in the on-line shop.

BRONZE CLAY
Bronze-Copper Lobster Bangle By Gordon Uyehara.

Bronze Clay And BronzClay.

There are three popular makes of bronze clay: Bronze Clay made by ClayMania, BronzClay made by Metal Adventures, and Prometheus Bronze ProClay made by Odak. They're all clay-like materials made of fine bronze powder and water-soluble organic binders. However, they're fired in different ways:

Prometheus Bronze Clay is easy to fire: wrap your dried work in kitchen tissue or ceramic cloth, put it on a kiln shelf, and programme the temperature and hold time. It can also be fired in charcoal.

Clay Mania Bronze Clay and MetalAdventures BronzClay fire in a special way. Fired normally, the surface would oxidise so, to minimize this, they're embedded in activated charcoal granules in a covered stainless steel container. Charcoal made from coconut shells produces a natural bronze colour, and charcoal made from coal produces a colourful range of patinas.

As they're fired, the binders vapourise, releasing very small amounts of non-toxic carbon dioxide and water, and the metal powder sinters, leaving solid bronze, an alloy of 89% copper and 11% tin: real metal, not something that just looks like metal.


The stainless steel container for the Paragon SC-2 measures 162mm x 176mm x 100mm high, and holds 1 litre of charcoal. To fire larger pieces, or more pieces at the same time, you'll need a larger kiln, such as the Paragon Xpress E-12A. The container for the E-12A measures 265mm x 162mm x 152mm high and holds 3 litres of charcoal.

The 1230°C firebrick E12A costs more than the 1095°C ceramic-fibre SC2. However, it's two and a half times larger than the SC-2 and is a versatile mixed-media kiln suited to continual high temperatures.

Particulates represent a health risk if they're breathed in, so wear a HEPA mask when cleaning out your kiln, mixing kiln wash, and working with charcoals, ceramic-fibre blocks, cloths, and papers. And, ideally, use protective glasses.

All jewellery kilns include a durable shelf kit so that you can start work straight away, but several shelves can be stacked to make better use of your time and reduce the unit-cost of firing: so you might want more than one.


I can't recommend one clay as being the best. There are differences in the feel, the firing, the shrinkage, the strength, and the surface patinas, so try them and experiment: they're not expensive.
However, as Prometheus Bronze Clay is easy to fire and costs less than the others, try it first? It comes as 100gm of soft clay in a packet, or 10gm of creamy clay in a syringe with three tips that you can cut or shape.

There's also Creative Bronze, which is almost certainly Prometheus Bronze Clay renamed. I'll leave it you to work out why very similar products can differ so much in price.


Also, in November 2014, 100gms of Art Clay Silver Clay costs about 12 times more than Prometheus Bronze Clay. So, if you're still in the learning phase, you can try out ideas before possibly wasting your expensive silver clay. However, bronze is a beautiful metal so, as with many materials, you need to exploit its qualities and try to produce beautiful original pieces.

To learn more, use the links below the menu bar near the top of the page. You can buy ArtClay, bronze clay, copper clay, gold clay, and related products in the on-line shop.

COPPER CLAY
Copper Earring By Zina Kuscynska Richterova.

Copper Clay And CopprClay.

There are four popular makes of copper clay: Art Clay Copper made by Aida Chemical Industries, Copper Clay made by ClayMania, CopprClay made by Metal Adventures, and Prometheus Copper ProClay made by Odak. They're all clay-like materials made of fine copper powder and water-soluble organic binders. However, they're fired in different ways:

Clay Mania Copper Clay and MetalAdventures CopprClay fire in a special way. Fired normally, the surface would oxidise so, to minimize this, they're embedded in activated charcoal granules in a covered stainless steel container. Charcoal made from coconut shells produces a natural copper colour.

Art Clay Copper is easy to fire: put your dried work on a kiln shelf, and programme the temperature and hold time. In most kilns, several shelves can be stacked to make better use of your time: so you might want more than one.

Prometheus Copper Clay is easy to fire: wrap your dried work in kitchen tissue or ceramic cloth, put it on a kiln shelf, and programme the temperature and hold time. It can also be fired in charcoal.

As they're fired, the binders vapourise, releasing very small amounts of non-toxic carbon dioxide and water, and the metal powder sinters, leaving solid copper: real metal, not something that just looks like metal.


The stainless steel container for the Paragon SC-2 measures 162mm x 176mm x 100mm, and holds 1 litre of charcoal. To fire larger pieces, or more pieces at the same time, you'll need a larger kiln, such as the Paragon Xpress E-12A. The container for the E-12A measures 265mm x 162mm x 152mm and holds 3 litres of charcoal.

The 1230°C firebrick E12A costs more than the 1095°C ceramic-fibre SC2. However, it's two and a half times larger than the SC-2 and is a versatile mixed-media kiln suited to continual high temperatures.

Particulates represent a health risk if they're breathed in, so wear a HEPA mask when cleaning out your kiln, mixing kiln wash, and working with charcoals, ceramic-fibre blocks, cloths, and papers. And, ideally, use protective glasses.

All jewellery kilns include a durable shelf kit so that you can start work straight away, but several shelves can be stacked to make better use of your time and reduce the unit-cost of firing: so you might want more than one.


I can't recommend one clay as being the best. There are differences in the feel, the firing, the shrinkage, the strength, and the surface patinas, so try them and experiment: they're not expensive.
However, as Prometheus Copper Clay is easy to fire and costs less than the others, try it first? It comes as 100gm of soft clay in a packet, or 10gm of creamy clay in a syringe with three tips that you can cut or shape.

There's also Creative Copper, which is almost certainly Prometheus Copper Clay renamed. I'll leave it you to work out why very similar products can differ so much in price.


Also, in November 2014, 100gms of Art Clay Silver Clay costs about 12 times more than Prometheus Copper Clay. So, if you're still in the learning phase, you can try out ideas before possibly wasting your expensive silver clay. However, copper is a beautiful metal so, as with many materials, you need to exploit its qualities and try to produce beautiful original pieces.

To learn more, use the links below the menu bar near the top of the page. You can buy ArtClay, bronze clay, copper clay, gold clay, and related products in the on-line shop.

GOLD CLAY
Gold Clay Pendant By Claudia S Atkins.

Aida Art Clay Gold And Mitsubishi PMC Gold Clay.

There are two popular makes of gold clay: Art Clay made by Aida Chemical Industries and PMC made by Mitsubishi Materials Corporation, in Japan. They're both clay-like materials made of fine gold powder and water-soluble organic binders.

Art Clay Gold and PMC Gold, sometimes just called gold clay, metal clay, or precious-metal clay, are easy to fire: put your dried work on a kiln shelf and programme the temperature and hold-time.

As they're fired, the binders vapourise, releasing very small amounts of non-toxic carbon dioxide and water, and the metal powder sinters, leaving solid 22 carat gold: real metal, not something that just looks like metal.

All jewellery kilns include a durable shelf kit so that you can start work straight away, but several shelves can be stacked to make better use of your time and reduce the unit-cost of firing: so you might want more than one.


Although we chose to work with, sell, and provide classes in Art Clay, both makes fire in a similar way. So any kiln suitable for Art Clay will be just as good for PMC.

If you're currently using PMC, try Art Clay. There are differences in the feel, the shrinkage, the strength, the surface lustre, the product range, the pricing, and the general commercial setup if you're running a serious business.


To learn more, use the links below the menu bar near the top of the page. You can buy ArtClay, bronze clay, copper clay, gold clay, and related products in the on-line shop.

A BRIEF INTRODUCTION TO GLASS
Obsidian.

What Is Glass?

The main component of glass is silicon dioxide, often called silica: found naturally and plentifully as sand. When it melts, at around 1700°C, it's like syrup on a cold day. When it cools, it forms a rigid brittle glass called quartz glass.

To lower the melting point, and reduce the cost of melting, chemicals are added: typically sodium carbonate and calcium oxide. Other chemicals, and different heating and cooling processes, produce a range of colours and mechanical properties.

Chemically, glass is defined as an amorphous solid but, as it's heated, it becomes softer allowing it to be blown, cast, coated, decorated, engraved, heat-treated, moulded, poured, pressed, sagged, and slumped.

A form of glass occurs naturally within the mouth of a volcano when the intense heat of an eruption melts sand to form Obsidian, a hard black-to-brown glassy type of stone, shown in the photo. Although it was used decoratively, when it fractures it has very sharp edges, many times sharper than a steel knife-edge, so was also used for tools and weapons, and the pitiful rituals of circumcision and female genital mutilation.

ANNEALING
Annealed Beads Made Into A Necklace.

What Is Annealing?

During annealing, fabrication stresses are relieved as the molecules cool and arrange themselves into a regular stable matrix. Successful annealing is the key to creating glasswork that will remain attractive and durable. It's quite a long process, so a kiln with an automatic comprehensive programmer is essential.

FREE BEAD ANNEALING GUIDE

Bead Annealing Guide.

You can download, and print, a Bead Annealing Guide. Paragon created it in 2013 so, although it might have been updated, it's only a guide, not a contemporary definitive document. Click here. It's a pdf file, but your device should already have a pdf viewer.

DICHROIC GLASS
Dichroic Glass.

What Are Dichroic Glasses.

Dichroic glass has two different colours: a transmitted colour and a reflective colour, both of which change depending on the angle of view. For example blue-red will be blue in transmission and red in reflection.

During manufacture, quartz and metal oxides are vapourised onto the surface of the glass using a vacuum deposition process, forming a multi-layer crystal structure.

ENAMELLING
Enamelled Jewellery.

What Is Enamelling?

Enamelling involves applying a glass paste to metal and then heating it to fuse it to the surface. The finish of the enamel can be translucent or opaque depending on the temperature used to melt the glass. Higher temperatures result in a more transparent and durable enamel whilst lower temperatures give a more opaque and fragile surface. Dyes and pigments can be included to produce any colour.

Paragon make a kiln designed for this: the SC2, although other kilns are fine. So click the sc2-sc3 link under the menu bar near the top of the page. The SC-2W and SC-3W doors include a 50mm x 50mm heat-resistant glass viewing-window in the centre of the door, allowing you to take a quick peep at china paints, enamels, glass, and glazes to check on their progress

FIRE POLISHING
Fire Polished Glass.

What Is Fire Polishing?

To fire polish glass, return the items to the kiln and melt them just enough to give a smooth polished appearance. It needs a temperature of around 700°C, and is often used to round the edges of glass after fusing.

Fire polishing already-slumped items is more difficult because the polishing temperature is close to the slumping temperature and it can distort the appearance of the piece. So it generally works best for flat items, rather than slumped ones. It has the slight limitation that the part of the item that touches the kiln shelf won't polish.

FUSING, SAGGING, AND SLUMPING
Fused Glass.

What Is Glass Fusing?

If two or more pieces of glass in contact are heated, they begin to soften and fuse together. With careful heating and cooling, the separate pieces of glass become one.

If glass is put on a mould and heated, it begins to soften and collapse, or sag, onto the mould: a common technique for making bowls and plates.

Sagging and slumping are often thought of as being the same. Correctly: during sagging, heated glass, supported at its edges, sags down in the middle to conform to a mould; during slumping, heated glass, supported at its middle, slumps down at its edges to conform to a mould.

LAMPWORK AND BEADS
Beads.

What Is Lampwork?

Lamp-working is the traditional name for glasswork that uses a flame to melt glass rods and tubes. As the glass softens, it's shaped by turning and using tools.

Early lampworkers used an oil-lamp, and blew air into the flame through a pipe. Later, propane, natural gas, or butane torches replaced the lamp, although kilns are now increasingly popular, particularly for annealing.

Beads are usually made on steel rods, or mandrels. When the beads are finished, the rods are removed leaving holes for threading the beads. Cold working techniques can be used, such as etching, faceting, polishing, and sandblasting.

LOST-WAX BURNOUT
Paragon W13 Lost Wax Casting Kiln With A Sentry Programmer.

What Is Lost Wax Casting?

Lost-wax burnout starts with making a wax shape and then making a mould of the shape. When the mould is heated in a kiln, the wax melts out through channels, usually over a burnout grate and into a tray. The shape is then cast in glass or metal from the mould.

It's important to prevent wax or carbon sticking to the elements, so burnout kilns have a top vent to release the fumes. Carbon build-up inside a kiln conducts electricity and can cause the elements to short circuit.

Paragon make kilns designed for this: the W series. So click the w-lost-wax-burnout link under the menu bar near the top of the page. They all have top vents and optional wax trays.

SLUMPING BOTTLES
Slumped Bottle.

What Is Glass Slumping?

This a simple technique but it requires good ideas. A bottle, such as those used for wine, beer, cola, or champagne, is softened in a kiln so that it begins to flatten out or conforms to a mould. There are too many moulds to stock here but there are lots available on line. Or make your own from clay.

The bottles need to be clean and dry, with all paper labels and tops removed. Put them in your kiln on a shelf, either with shelf paper or kiln wash to prevent the glass sticking to the shelf.

Paragon makes a kiln designed for this: the Trio. So click the trio link under the menu bar near the top of the page. It's wide enough for most bottles but can still use a regular socket.

PÂTE DE VERRE
Pâte De Verre.

What Is Pâte De Verre?

Pâte de verre involves making a glass paste, applying it to a mould, firing it, and removing the piece from the mould. The glass paste is usually made from glass powder, a binder such as gum arabic, distilled water, and colouring agents or enamels. It allows precise placing of colours in the mould, whereas other techniques often result in the glass straying from its intended position.

I think, currently, Daum is the only large commercial crystal manufacturer using the pâte de verre process for art glass and crystal sculptures.

STAINED GLASS
Stained Glass.

What Is Stained Glass?

Stained glass is glass that has been coloured by adding metallic salts during its manufacture. The coloured glass is crafted into stained glass windows in which small pieces of glass are arranged to form patterns or pictures, traditionally held together by strips of lead and supported by a rigid frame. Painted details and yellow stain are often used to enhance the design.

The term stained glass is also applied to windows in which the colours have been painted onto the glass and then fused to the glass in a kiln.

It requires artistic skill to conceive an appropriate and workable design, and engineering skills to assemble the piece. A window must fit snugly into the space for which it is made, must resist wind and rain, and also, especially in the larger windows, must support its own weight. Many large windows have withstood the test of time and remained substantially intact since the Late Middle Ages.

TACK FUSING
Tack Fused Glass.

What Is Tack Fusing?

Tack fusing is the joining together of glass, with as little change to the shape of the pieces as possible. Tack fusing may be used either decoratively, or to assemble a large piece of glass from laminations.

Where tack fusing is used to apply small decorative details to a larger piece, you might want to partially melt the small pieces so that they change shape, usually becoming more spherical under the influence of surface tension, but without changing the shape of the carrier piece. This can be done by using an increased temperature, but only briefly. The carrier piece has a larger thermal mass, so heats up more slowly than the small decorations.

VITRIGRAPH WORK
Glass Stringers.

What Is Vitrigraph?

The vitrigraph process usually uses a kiln to make glass stringers. The bottom of the kiln is removed and set aside. The kiln body is put on a thick ceramic square with a central hole.

A crucible of glass is put inside, and the whole combination lifted well away from the floor to allow moulten glass to fall through a hole in the crucible and form long stringers. Ceramic squares are in the on-line shop.

Paragon make a kiln designed for this: the Caldera. So click the caldera link under the menu bar near the top of the page. The bottom is a separate part and can be unclipped.

WARM GLASS

What Is Warm Glass?

The term warm glass refers to fusing, slumping, and other glass processes which take place at temperatures between about 600°C to 925°C. Although that doesn't sound warm, it is when you compare it to glassblower's working temperatures, which often exceed 1100°C. Warm glass is sometimes called kiln-formed glass.

PARAGON KILNS INTERNATIONAL DISTRIBUTOR
Paragon E12T Ceramics, Glass, And Heat Treating Kiln With A Sentry Xpress Programmer.

Paragon Kilns, Furnaces, and Ovens For Annealing, Beads, Ceramics, Enamels, Glass, Jewellery, Knife Making, Lost Wax, Silver Clays, Heat Treating, Lampwork, Porcelain, And Vitrigraph.

is a Cherry Heaven internet resource. It's a top-tier international distributor for Texas-made Paragon kilns, furnaces, ovens, and accessories, and has been one of their top-selling partners from 2006 to : a pleasing outcome since the UK is only one third the area of Texas and one fortieth the area of the US.

As this is an on-line resource, there isn't a paper catalogue or a price list. However, you can mail or call a technician about kilns, power supplies, public area safety, a special project, business ideas, diagnostics, repairs, or reselling opportunities.


Art Clay UK. Cherry Heaven. Electric Kilns. Electric Tumblers. Euroversity. Kitiki. Learning English. Lucas Cameron. Mini Kiln. Oxford English. Oxford English Training. Paragon Kilns International. Paragon Kilns UK. Paragon Kilns DE. Paragon Kilns EU. Paragon Kilns US. Professor English. Prometheus Kilns. Paragon Kilns UK Accent Gold Accessories And Tools Art Clay Silver ClayRadio Programmes Paragon BlueBird Bead-Annealing Kilns Bronze Clay Paragon Caldera Ceramics Kilns Paragon Catalogue Ceramics Copper Clay Silver Clay Courses Sentry Xpress Demo Sentry Demo Photos Of Dorset Paragon Dragon Ceramics And Glass Kilns Radio Programme Frequently Asked Questions Paragon FireFly Ceramics  Kilns Paragon Fusion Glass Kilns TV Programme TV Programme TV Programme TV Programme TV Programme TV Programme TV Programme TV Programme TV Programme TV Programme TV Programme TV Programme TV Programme TV Programme TV Programme Paragon F LampWorking Kilns Glass Clay Paragon GL Glass Kilns Kiln Help Paragon Home Artist Kilns Paragon HT Heat-Treating Kilns Demos Image Transfer Solution Paragon Janus Ceramics Kilns Paragon KM Knife-Making Kilns Lost Wax Burnout And Casting Contact By Mail West Holme Map Metal Clay Veneer Paragon Caldera Ceramics Kilns Paragon E12T Porcelain Kilns Paragon SC2 Metal Clay Kilns Paragon Pearl Glass Kilns Kiln Photos Paragon PMT Heat-Treating Kilns Programmers Paragon SC Jewellery Kilns Silver Etch Paragon Kilns Shop Paragon TNF Ceramics Kilns Paragon Trio Slumping KIln Tumblers And Polishers TV Programmes Paragon Vulcan Crucible And Glass Kilns Paragon W Jewellery Kilns Paragon Xpress Ceramics Kilns


UK To EU Plug Adapter.
Ceramic Block.
Ceramic Cloth.
EU Plug.
UK-EU Adapter.
Dry Powder Extinguisher.
Glare Resistant Glasses.
HEPA Mask.
heat-resistant Gloves.
Kitiki Cutters.
Kitiki Flush Cutters.
Kitiki Flat-Nose Pliers.
Kitiki Pointed-Nose Pliers.
Kitiki Bent-Nose Pliers.
Kitiki Round-Nose Pliers.
Protective Glasses.
Potter & Brumfield Relay.
Dorset, SW England.
UK 13A Plug.
The AX-4 Digital Controller.
MiniKiln Closed.
Prometheus Pro-7.
Bartlett-Paragon Touch Screen Digital Controller.
Paragon BlueBird Bead Annealing Kiln.
Lauscha by Carrie Fertig.
Activated Charcoal Granules.
Paragon Caldera Ceramics Kiln.
Paragon Caldera Bead Kiln.
Paragon Fusion CS14D Glass Kiln.
Paragon Fusion CS14SB Glass And Bead Kiln.
Paragon Caldera XL Ceramics Kiln.
Paragon F500 Lampwork Kiln.
Paragon FireFly A Ceramics Kiln.
Paragon Fusion 7 Glass Kiln.
Paragon Fusion 8 Glass Kiln.
Paragon GL18ADTSD Glass Kiln.
Paragon HT-14D Heat Treating Furnace.
Paragon Janus 1613 Ceramics Kiln.
Paragon KM18D Knife Making Oven.
Paragon-Orton Vent Master: Unassembled.
Paragon-Orton Vent Master: Suction Cup.
Paragon Pearl 18 Glass Kiln.
Paragon PMT21 Heat Treating Kiln.
Paragon Door Peephole And Vent.
Stainless Steel Pans.
Paragon SC-2 Black Jewellery Kiln.
Paragon SC2 Jewellery Kiln.
Paragon SC2B Bead-Door Kiln.
Paragon SC2W Enamelling Kiln.
Paragon SC4 Glass Kiln.
Paragon SC2BW Jewellery And Bead Kiln.
Paragon SC2D Pro-3 Jewellery Kiln.
Paragon SC2 Shelf Kit.
Paragon SC-2 Jade Jewellery Kiln.
Paragon SC-2 Black Jewellery Kiln.
Orton-Paragon Sentry Xpress Programmer.
Orton-Paragon Sentry Programmer.
Bartlett-Paragon Sentinel Touch-Screen Controller.
Paragon SC-2 Pink Jewellery Kiln.
Paragon SC-2 Pro Black Jewellery Kiln.
Paragon SC-2 Turqoise Jewellery Kiln.
Paragon SC-2 Purple Jewellery Kiln.
Paragon SC-2 Navy Jewellery Kiln.
Paragon SC-2 Berry Jewellery Kiln.
Paragon ST-8 Kiln Table.
Paragon ST-8 Kiln Table With Casters.
Paragon TNF 1613 Ceramics Kiln.
Paragon GL24 Kiln Table.
Paragon Xpress 1613 Top Row Of Bricks.
Paragon Lost-Wax Burnout Tray.
USB Plug.
Paragon Xpress E-12A Jewellery Kiln.
Paragon Xpress E-12AB Bead Kiln.
Paragon Xpress E-14 Glass Kiln.
Paragon Xpress Q-11A Ceramics Kiln.